The Treaty of Paris, a peace treaty France signed after the British defeated them in 1763, required France to surrender it’s large western territory in Louisiana and other claims to Spain in compensation for it’s loss of Florida to Great Britain. Along with Florida, Great Britain also gained territory in French Canada. The map of colonial Empires in North America in 1754 and 1763, shows the shift of colonial power before and after the French and Indian War (document A). At the start of the war, France owned all the land from the Appalachian Mountains to the Rockies. More importantly, France had claims to the Mississippi River, a major transportation hub, allowing them to greatly expand their trade. At the end of the war however, France’s rule in North America became nonexistent, making them no longer a threat to the English colonies. With a surplus of newly-acquired land, Great Britain was required to defend and maintain control of their expanded empire. However, Britain felt that the colonists were unfit and unwilling to defend the new frontiers of their vastly expanded empire. This increased the... [continues]
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