French and Indian War

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French and Indian War

By | March 2009
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The French and Indian War (1754 – 1763) gradually worsened the political, economic and ideological relations between Britain and its American colonies even though Britain and the American colonies gained land from the French (Document A). An example of this would be in order to keep peace with the Indians, the British government prohibited American colonists from expanding westward beyond the Appalachian Mountains. Also, when Britain was in debt from the French and Indian War, they imposed more taxes on the American colonies. Furthermore, the colonists weren’t happy about the concessions given to the Catholics in Quebec.

Politically, relations between Britain and its American colonies were tense before and after the French and Indian War. Before the war, Canassatego, Chief of the Onondago Nation of the Iroquois Confederacy (Document B), demanded on the removal of the colonist from their land. Therefore, in order to get rid of the tension between the Indians and Britain, the British government passed the Proclamation of 1763, which angered the colonists and expanded westward despite the law. From England, when Benjamin Franklin wrote (Document G), “a firm Loyalty to the Crown and faithful Adherence to the Government of this Nation, …, will always be the wisest Course … to take.”, he meant that being loyal to the crown and following the laws of the government was the best thing that anyone could do in the American colonies. Tension between Britain and the American colonies is shown in Document H, when there is a skull shown on a newspaper masthead and “Adieu Adieu to LIBERTY” down the side.

Economically, the American colonies were paying for the debt that Britain was in. That meant more taxes and impaired revenues. Because of the taxes that Britain was imposing on the American colonist, only a “small” amount of revenue was being collected from the American colonies and the West Indies (Document F).

Ideologically, religion and individual wants drifted...

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