French Adjectives

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  • Topic: Grammatical number, Grammatical gender, Latin
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  • Published : January 30, 2012
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Demonstrative adjectives
These are used to point out the person(s) or thing(s) being referred to. These forms are as follows: adjective| Masculine sing.| Feminine sing.| Masculine plural| Feminine plural| This, these| Ce, cest| Cette| Ces| ces|

That, those| Ce, cest| Cette| Ces| Ces|

This pen – ce stylo these desks – ces pupitres That jacket – cette veste those desks – ces pupitre

Iterrogative Adjectives
They serve to ask questions. The form quel , quelle , quells , quelles , and they translate ‘what? or ‘which’ before a noun.
Which boy? Quel garcon? Which/what bikes? Quels velos?
What girl? Quelle fille Which/What cars? Quelles voitures?

Negative adjectives
Aucun and aucune are used to translate no, not any.
No man enters without knocking Aucun homme n’ entre sans frapper
The records have no importanceles disques n’ont aucune importance.

Indefinite adjectives Chaque each, every
Tel, telle such(a)
Plusieurs several
Tout, toute, tous, toutes all, every
Quelque,quelques some, a few

Descriptive adjectives These adjectives describe things , people and people. They are usually placed after the noun they describe. They agree in gender and number with the noun they describe. Agreement

To become feminine, most adjectives add an -e to the masculine form, and to become plural most add –s. when an adjective describes a plural noun of a mixed gender, it uses the masculine plural form. Example: an intelligent boy and girl un garcon et une fille intelligents. Example 2 : a small book un petit livre (masc. sing.) A small house une petite maison (fem. Sing.) Three small books trois petits livres (masc. plural) Three small houses trois petites maisons (fem. Plural) And………

A green pencil un crayon vert (masc.sing) A green door une porte verte (fem. Plural) Some green pencil des crayons verts (masc. sing.)
Some green doors des portes vertes (fem. Plural)

If an adjective ends in e, there is no change for the feminine singular. E. g a yellow door une porte jaune . If an adjective ends with s, x or z there is no change for the masculine plural for example: the grey books les livres gris. But the feminine forms will observe the normal changes: the grey dress le robe grise. Adjectives ending in el, eil, il, en, on, et, and some ending in s double the final consonant before adding e for the feminine form; gentil/ gentile (fem.), cruel /cruelle (fem.), bon/bonne (fem.)

Adjectives ending in x change to se for the feminine form. Example: courageux / courageuse (fem.). there are some exceptions which include: doux/douce (fem.), roux/ rousse (fem.) and foux/ fousse(fem.). adjectives ending in eur form the feminine by adding euse if the adjective is derived from a verb. Example: menteur/ menteuse(fem). One exception is acteur whose feminine is actrice. Irregular French adjectives

There are several French adjectives which have irregular feminine and plural forms, as well as a special form when they are placed in front of a masculine noun that begins with a vowel or a mute H:

un bel homme - a handsome man
un vieil ami - an old friend
| Singular| Plural|
Adjective | masc| vowel/H | fem| masc| fem|
beautiful | beau| bel| belle| beaux| belles|
new| nouveau | nouvel | nouvelle | nouveaux | nouvelles| crazy| fou| fol| folle| fous| folles|
soft| mou| mol| molle| mous| molles|
old| vieux| vieil| vieille| vieux| vieilles|

Position of Adjectives:
1) Following is a list of adjectives...
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