French 2

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Harley Ramirez Madame Treus
1/11/2013 French 2/Per. 5

Édouard Manet
Édouard Manet was a famous French painter during the early 1800's until the early 1880's. Some of his paintings such as “The Spanish Singer” and “The Execution of Emperor Maximilian” had great controversy and served as rallying points for young painters who would create Impressionism paintings in the future.

Édouard Manet was born on January 23, 1832 in Paris, France. His father, Auguste Manet, was a French judge who wanted Édouard to land a career in law. His uncle, Edmond Fournier, however did not agree with Manet's father due to the fact that Edmond wanted him to pursue a painting career. He also took young Manet to the Louvre. In 1841, he enrolled at the Collège Rollin where in 4 years at the advice of his uncle Edmond, would enroll in a drawing class where he'd meet his lifelong friend and future Minister of Fine Arts, Antonin Proust.

After having failed the examination to join the Navy twice, he decided to try his uncle's suggestion and pursue a painting career; From 1850 to 1856, he was influenced by many artists from Germany, The Netherlands, Italy and Franch, which led to Manet opening his first studio in 1856, where he made his very first painting called “The Absinthe Drinker” in 1859 and then 3 years later in 1862, “Music in the Tuileries”. Unfortunately, his father died when he made “Music in the Tuileries”.

Many of Édouard Manet's paintings were based on life and times, cafe scenes, social activities, war and Paris. Realism paintings (the general attempt to draw subjects as they are seen in third person view) and Impressionism paintings (landscapes, and scenes from modern urban and suburban life) were the 2 main types of paintings that Manet had made throughout his life.

The painting above is known as the “The Spanish Singer”, composed by Manet in 1860. This Realism painting was made from influences of Spanish painter Diego Velázquez's...
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