Banking Concept or Problem-Posing, Which is the Better Choice?
Paulo Freire proposes two styles of teaching: the banking concept and problem-posing education. Through Freire’s lens, Richard Rodriguez would be seen as a banking student, but could later be seen as a problem-posing student throughout the course of his life. Both styles are still viewed today in teacher-student relationships.
Freire describes the “banking” concept of education by saying that “Education thus becomes an act of depositing, in which the students are the depositories and the teacher is the depositor. Instead of communicating, the teacher issues communiqués and makes deposits which the students patiently receive, memorize, and repeat” (Freire 244). He uses the metaphor of depositor and depositories to relate to a bank. The organized mindlessness of business between a bank and its contents is portrayed as the style of teaching which is seen as ineffective. It is seen in his eyes as unfavorable because the student does not have an opportunity to form his/her own ideas and think critically. On the other hand, Freire proposes the problem-posing style of education. He explains how power and authority are both mutual between the student and the teacher when he says, “The teacher is no longer merely the-one-who-teaches, but one who is himself taught in dialogue with the students, who in turn while being taught also teach” (249). Freire stresses the importance of problems for the mind in order for critical thinking to take place. Because of the mind is at work, people are able to form their own opinions and ideas instead of just storing information and accepting it. Even though Freire recommends problem-posing education, the fact of the matter is that most people are faced with the banking style of teaching, like Rodriguez in his essay, “The Achievement of Desire”.
According to Freire’s opinion, Rodriguez would be seen as a banking student because he doesn’t have his own ideas or...
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