Free will, Determinism or Compatibilism?
“What I am going to do? Maybe I should do this instead of that? ” Those are some questions which arose when we are facing choices but, do we always have the choice or we just follow the situation or circumstance? Freewill is the power of making free choices that are unconstrained by external (usually psychological) or by an agency such as fate or divine will, while determinism is the belief that since each momentary state of the world entails all of its future states, it must be possible (in principle) to offer a causal explanation of everything that happens. In these two notions, which one is relevant for man or is it the compatibilism theory which is the belief that the causal determination of human conduct is consistent with the freedom required for response moral agency? According to Descartes, the chief perfection of man is the free will, because it makes him master of his actions; man can act or choose to act in one way or another. Do I have to tell my friend that I am pregnant or no? Do I have to buy this yellow car or that green one? The choice depends on man. He has the power and the abilities as a person to make his own decisions, there is no restriction in those choices. Saint Thomas Aquinas said “A man has free choice to the extent that he is rational” but it that also means there is also limitation in man free will when his decision is based on some internal or external factors? This brought the theory of determinism.
There is some situations in which man find himself that he didn’t choose. As an example, ethnicity and parental situation are background that man didn’t choose, and those backgrounds can have effect in man’s life that he doesn’t have the power to change such as or tribe or biological parent. A saying goes that man future is determined by his past. Also, Albert Einstein said: "Everything is determined, the beginning as well as the end, by forces over which we have no...
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