Freedom of Information

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CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1BACKGROUND OF STUDY
In a nation there are some fundamental elements that demonstrate the true existence of certain rights in such a society and these go a long way in showing that it is truly developed in every sense of the word. The level of a nation’s “maturity” depends on how well it fulfils these elements, one of which is Freedom of information. A government ought to be accountable to its people. Freedom of information has two sides namely, the freedom to convey information, and the freedom to access information. As such, it consists of press freedom and freedom to access any information by the general public. According to Hughes “the concept of freedom refers to a certain type of political empowerment. It refers specifically to equal empowerment. In other words, a free society is one with an equal distribution of legal rights and in which each and every person has as much legal rights as possible ” (Hughes., 2007). And the Oxford dictionary goes on to say define information as “Knowledge communicated concerning some particular fact, subject or event; that of which one is apprised or told; intelligence, news”. Freedom of information simply put, gives you the right to ask any public body for all the information they have on any subject you choose ("Freedom of information," 2001). Having listened to so much talk about “freedom of information” it is indeed pertinent to carefully and deliberately look into the likely objects of the government at different stages or rather eras of press freedom in Nigeria and express likely views on the issue. The study will also outline importance of freedom of information, consequences and eventual support for or disapproval of freedom of information in the society, making comparisons of this in both military and civilian regimes from Nigeria’s independence till date. This will be the rationale of this study. According to article 19 of the universal human rights, every person has the right to...
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