Freedom of expression, freedom of speech. Those two rights, sometimes used synonymously, mean the freedom of someone to be able to share his ideas and thoughts, speak freely without any kind of censorship. Those two rights are considered to be the most fundamental in a free democratically world. People of modern and civilized countries are familiar with these terms.
But what were the origins of them?
Twenty four centuries ago, in Greece a great man and philosopher called Aristotle spoke about this. For him it seemed that human beings are, above everything else, political and social beings. They are destined to live in organized societies and nature has a plan, regarding the fact that, God gave gave only to humans the ability of speech and not to animals. Therefore, speech was given in means of expressing what is right and what is wrong, the righteousness of things and the unrighteousness of them.
In the ancient society of Greece, legislation of freedom of speech and freedom of expression expression did not really exist, basically by the fact that this was not actually necessary. The right to express your opinion was, according to Aristotelis a significant element of the state, that was consisted by free citizens, a basic condition of democracy and one of the most fundamental rights for every citizen.
It is true that in ancient Greek society people of Athens enjoyed more than anything their right to freedom of speech.Free speech-what was then called “parrisia”(in Greek:παρρησία) was much taken as granted as breathing it’self. Terms such as “isonomy”(greek:ισονομία), .“isocraty”, (greek:ισοκρατία)“isogory”(greek:ισηγορία) were the basic elements of Athenean democracy. This meant that every citizen had the same right against the law, and by Aristotelis, true freedom existed when every citizen had the right to participate in the practice of power as well as obey to her... [continues]
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