Free Will and Moral Responsibility

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Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility

Edited by

Nick Trakakis and Daniel Cohen

Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Essays on Free Will and Moral Responsibility, Edited by Nick Trakakis and Daniel Cohen This book first published 2008 Cambridge Scholars Publishing 12 Back Chapman Street, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE6 2XX, UK British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library Copyright © 2008 by Nick Trakakis and Daniel Cohen and contributors All rights for this book reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. ISBN (10): 1-84718-867-2, ISBN (13): 9781847188670

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Acknowledgments ..................................................................................... vii Introduction ............................................................................................. ix Nick Trakakis and Daniel Cohen 1. Derk Pereboom Defending Hard Incompatibilism Again ..................................................... 1 2. Nick Trakakis Whither Morality in a Hard Determinist World? ...................................... 34 3. Trevor Pisciotta Meaningfulness, Hard Determinism and Objectivity................................. 71 4. Manuel Vargas Moral Influence, Moral Responsibility...................................................... 90 5. J.J.C. Smart The Illusion of Libertarian Free Will ...................................................... 123 6. Neil Levy Restrictivism is a Covert Compatibilism ................................................. 129 7. Robert Kane Three Freedoms, Free Will and Self-Formation: A Reply to Levy and Other Critics..................................................................................... 142 8. Ishtiyaque H. Haji Obligation and Luck ................................................................................ 163 9. Michael McKenna Ultimacy and Sweet Jane......................................................................... 186

vi

Table of Contents

10. John Martin Fischer The Direct Argument: You Say Goodbye, I Say Hello............................. 209 11. David Widerker Some Further Thoughts on the Direct Argument..................................... 224 12. Saul Smilansky Free Will and Fairness ............................................................................ 234 13. Daniel Cohen and Lauren Saling Addiction Is No Excuse............................................................................ 247 Contributors............................................................................................. 265 Index........................................................................................................ 269

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This collection of essays has its roots in a conference on free will and moral responsibility held at Monash University in November 2005, though only a few of the papers presented at the conference have made it into the current volume. We would like to thank both the participants at this conference and the contributors to this volume, as well as Cambridge Scholars Publishing for inviting us to put the collection together. Grateful acknowledgement is also made to the editor of the online journal, Sorites, where Nick Trakakis’ paper, “Whither Morality in a Hard Determinist World?”, was originally published (in vol. 19, December 2007). Finally, thanks to Shannon Weekes for her assistance in compiling the Index.

INTRODUCTION NICK TRAKAKIS AND DANIEL COHEN

Much of the interest of the free will debate depends on the assumption that free will is necessary for moral responsibility. In particular, it is because responsibility seems so important for our practical lives that debates about the...
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