FREE MOVEMENT OF GOODS AND SERVICES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
The European Union came into existence on March 25, 1957 at the conclusion of the Treaty of Rome. The main objective of this Treaty was to promote an harmonious development of economic activities, an accelerated raising of standard of living and closer relations between the states belonging to it. The principal mean to concrete these objectives was to establish a Common Market by allowing goods and services to move freely within EU States. This free movement of goods promote efficiency in production because it has permitted producers in different countries to compete directly with each other. To concretize this single market, it was necessary to remove all internal trade barriers; such as physical, technical and fiscal barriers, and all European Member States had to stop imposing all kinds of trade restrictions on imports, exports and transit of goods and services between themselves. However if the internal market for goods worked well, after the implementation of the Single Market programm in 1988., this was not the case for the internal market in services. Service providers often experience obstacles when they want to export their services to other EU member states. In March 2004, the European Commission proposed a directive on the internal market in services. Its aim was to boost the EU's internal market in services by reducing regulation to trade and investment in services. In this research, Magalie and Bénédicte will explain to you the principle of freedom of movement and then in a second part Daniel and Jean Marc will discuse about the non monopoly rules to guarantee freedom of movements.
Free movement of goods in the European Community, has not stopped growing in pages and in substance since its birth in 1982. It has indeed grown while the law on Articles 28 and 30 EC was itself growing. Although...