Frederick Winslow Taylor

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Table of Contents:

1. Introduction

2. Positive and Negative points of Taylor’s Theory

3. Comparison of Taylor’s Theory with other “fathers”

3.1 Elton Mayo
3.2 Max Weber
3.3 Henri Fayol

4. Conclusion

5. Bibliography

6. References

1 Introduction:

Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915) was an American mechanical engineer, who was famous for his theories of Scientific Management. Taylor sought to improve industrial productivity through individual workers using technical structuring of the work organization and having financial incentives as the motivator for obtaining higher performance. He also believed that there is a best or “first class” worker for each job after applying scientific selection considering physical and intellectual qualities of a person as well as systematic training. Following this principles Taylor further believed that the workload would be equally divided between the workers and managers, where managers are responsible for performing the science for continuous supervision and control and the workers actually doing the job, each unit performing the work for which it was best suited [1].

2 Positive and Negative points of Taylor’s Theory

Taylor’s strongest positive legacy is the idea of decomposing a complex task in to several small subtasks which provides a huge benefit in terms of productivity performance and had a substantial impact on industry. On the other hand this brilliant idea which includes the stop-watch trails for measuring the performance of a particular person turned out to be his strongest negative legacy because it led to complaints and critics that “Taylorism” is dehumanizing the workers [2].

3 Comparison of Taylor’s Theory with other “fathers”

3.1 Elton Mayo

Elton Mayo’s Hawthorne Works Experiments disproved Taylor’s belief that the best productivity was obtained using “first...
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