1.) Name of the Defendant: North Gwinnett High School
2.) Name of the Plaintiff: Christine Franklin
3.) Name of the court: Supreme Court
4.) Date of the Decision: February 26, 1992
5.) Summary of the facts of the case:
Breaking down the case being highlighted here, Christine Franklin was a sophomore at North Gwinnett High School back in 1986. While attending that year, she claimed to have been sexually harassed by Andrew Hill, who was a coach at the school. Franklin claimed sexual activity was unsolicited and that Hill forced her into such acts. Hill was accused of engaging her in sexual conversation, in which he asked her of her experiences with her boyfriend and if she would consider having intercourse with an older man. Hill was stated to have kissed her forcefully, calling her at home, asking her to meet him socially, asking other teachers to have her excused from their classes. Most notably, he took her into a private office and subjected her to coercive intercourse.
Despite being aware of all of this, the after school officials did not take action, which led Franklin to feeling hopeless about pressing any further charges. With the condition that all charges be dropped, Hill resigned from the school, but Franklin still filed a suit against the Gwinnett County School System, by which she wanted to be compensated with monetary damages for the harassment she went through. The suit was denied by the lower courts and cited Drayden v. Needville Independent School District as the precedent for not being able to use Title IX to pay out the damages.
When this case went to the Supreme Court, it reversed the decision of the lower courts and ruled that Title IX allows for monetary damages to be awarded in a case where legal rights have been violated, using Cannon v. University of Chicago, which states, “Where legal rights have been invaded, and a federal statute...