Frankenstein: The Theme of Abortion
Most of us have read the novel Frankenstein. There are many themes that come along with one of the first gothic, romantic science fiction novels of the 17th century. Mary Shelly used her background life to create this horror book. She influenced future horror films for decades to come, Halloween costume ideas and quote upon quotes. Although this book carried the obvious Halloween-feel themes Shelly had a greater meaning for the book. Shelly believed in the need of human connections and the importance for a person’s actions and for a person’s relationship with others. This novel held dangerous knowledge and how knowledge can affect a community, sublime nature and the soothing affects it has when a person can be upset, monstrosity, secrecy, passive women and their role in a community, and abortion (Randy, Messerli). Victor Frankenstein soon becomes obsessed with the thought of reanimation after taking many science classes with his professor. After reanimating a soul from many different body parts, Victor soon regrets his decision thus abandoning his creature and creating an abortion theme.
Doctor Frankenstein's creation, a hideous being, unable to adapt into human society, covers beyond the plot to offer awareness on a debated issue like abortion. In the novel, Doctor Frankenstein debates his decision to give life to such a terrifying creature that will terrorize the human race. This dilemma relates directly to the pro-life versus pro-choice debate that rages in modern society. The Doctor's creation results in a miserable being constantly on the verge of suicide who despises the human race that gave birth to him. Although he was born pure and compassionate, the creature experiences only hatred and violence, which banishes any sanity from the monster's heart. As a result, the living creation scorns the life given to him. Although the child will be granted the most valuable gift, life, he may live in misery and hatred, despising the moment his imperfection came to light (Smith). Although the child may have a moral and pure good personality like Frankenstein's creation, an absence of acceptance into society may drastically affect a human for the worse. Indifference from loved ones, like the one rejected by Frankenstein's rejection of his creation, guarantees a rejection from society as a whole and an emotional breakdown like depression and suicidal tendencies, like those of Frankenstein's monster (Messerli). The life that Frankenstein's monster led encourages the idea that such personal, painful disasters must be prevented. Abortions should be used only to spare fetuses future misfortunes and grueling mental and physical pain (Beth). Doctor Frankenstein could have performed an "abortion" on his creation, but his decision against an end to the being led to the creature's mental, emotional, and physical breakdown. The idea of abortion recurs as both Victor and the monster express their sense of the monster’s hideousness. When Victor first sees his creature he says this: “How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavored to forms (Shelley 318).” The monster feels a similar disgust for himself: “I, the miserable and the abandoned, am an abortion, to be spurned at, and kicked, and trampled on. (494).” Both weeping the monster’s existence and wishing that Victor had never engaged in his act of creation (Clark).
Whether as a consequence of his ambition to achieve the superhuman status of constructing a new life or his avoidance of society in which science is generally showed, Victor is damned in his lack of humanness. He overlooks the secrets of life lingering in natural creation and renews “life where death had apparently devoted the body to corruption (314).” Victor’s views of giving life are distorted; he is selfish about what he wants from it and aborts it when it is a product he does not like....
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