Day by day, the Earth becomes more and more urbanized. Worldwide, an area the size of Central Park is deforested each hour. Confined in cities, people are losing touch with nature and its wisdom. In Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, Victor Frankenstein is a young man living in 19th century Europe. His obsession with the science of animation from death leads him to create an unnatural disaster of a creature, which is miserable and makes Victor miserable as well. In “Tintern Abbey”, by William Wordsworth, a 19th century man reflects over his awe-inspiring experiences with nature, and how people are losing touch with it. “Apostrophe to the Ocean” written in the 19th century by Lord Byron reflects on the wonders and power of the ocean, and on the destructive consequences for man if he goes against nature. Shelley, Wordsworth, and Byron portray nature as having tremendous impacts on man; it causes his depression when he is away from it, it destroys him when he goes against it, and it is powerful and a source of wisdom.
Shelley, Wordsworth, and Byron show how separation from nature causes depression. After Victor Frankenstein has spent two years in seclusion making his creature, he steps back and realizes how terrible his creation is, and what a negative effect these two years have had on him. “I had worked hard for nearly two years, for the sole purpose of infusing life into an inanimate body. For this I had deprived myself of rest and health…breathless horror and disgust filled my heart.” (Shelley p. 42) Victor, as he explains here, has been secluded from nature, and thus health and rest, for two years in his laboratory. Now that his toils have come to a futile end after this difficult and harmful seclusion, he is utterly dejected. In the “Tintern Abbey”, the narrator laments over urban seclusion:“But oft, in lonely rooms, and ‘mid the dim/ Of towns and cities, I have owed to them/ In hours of weariness…” (Wordsworth l. 26-28) In the dim isolation of these urban...
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