Frankenstein by Mary Shelley: A Synopsis

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Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein chronicles a story about scientist Victor Frankenstein and his creation of a creature known throughout the story as The Monster who is set apart from all other living creatures. The creation of The Monster mirrors God’s creation of man in Milton’s Paradise Lost. Victor Frankenstein is symbolic for God and The Monster is symbolic of Adam and Lucifer who is better known as Satan. Shelley links these two stories together through The Monster’s fall from humanity much like Satan’s descent into hell after being banished by God. Loneliness is a huge theme in Shelley’s book. At one point in the novel, The Monster is speaking to Victor about him reading Paradise Lost in which he compares himself to Adam saying that he is lonely. “Like Adam, I was apparently united by no link to any other being in existence” (5/6). Adam is the only person on the planet which parallels how he feels. The Monster who is swiftly abandoned at birth is completely by himself throughout the novel which consumes him causing him to turn to violence. This happens after The Monster begs for Victor to create him a female companion to which he reluctantly agrees but eventually changes his mind and destroys any progress he has made on the project. Similar to how The Monster is desperate for a companion, Walton, the captain of a ship on a voyage near the Arctic also desperately wants a friend. In his letters to his sister, Walton writes “I desire the company of a man who could sympathize with me, whose eyes would reply to mine. You may deem me romantic, my dear sister, but I bitterly feel the want of a friend” (Shelley 10). Much like Victor’s creation, Walton too seeks a true companion. Ironically enough, the place where Frankenstein, Walton, and The Monster meet is the Arctic. One of the most coldest, desolate, and loneliest places on the face of the Earth. The novel starts off in the setting of the Arctic and ends there as well showing how The Monster was born into...
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