Foundamental of Science

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Unit 1:
Unit code: QCF Level 3: Credit value:

Fundamentals of Science
R/502/5536 BTEC National 10

Guided learning hours: 60
Aim and purpose
The aim of this unit is to enable learners to develop the practical techniques necessary to pursue a career as a laboratory technician. Learners will investigate the quantities necessary in chemical reactions, the structure and functions of cells, the calorific value of different fuels and develop skills in communicating scientific information.

Unit introduction
Learners wishing to pursue a career in science will need a general understanding of all the main sciences, including basic practical techniques. This unit introduces learners to a number of fundamental scientific concepts in chemistry, biology and physics. Learners will develop vocational practical skills and knowledge of techniques through carrying out practical investigations. These include general skills such as handling and setting up laboratory apparatus; carrying out risk analysis; safely following laboratory procedures and processes; recording and analysing data; and communication skills in recording and using information. Equipment and apparatus for more specific uses will include volumetric equipment, microscopes and simple calorimeters. The unit also concentrates on the important aspect of communicating scientific information using the correct terminology. Learners will have the opportunity to present their own information using a variety of formats and to consider the way that information is presented within a professional journal. Successful completion of this unit should develop learners underlying skills in simulating work carried out by science technicians in order to enable them to work effectively in industry and in analytical services.

Learning outcomes
On completion of this unit a learner should:

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Be able to use the necessary skills to measure quantities for chemical reactions Be able to use the correct equipment to identify structures and functions in different types of cells Be able to investigate different types of energy and their transfers Be able to communicate scientific information.

Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Applied Science – Issue 1 – January 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2009

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Unit content
1 Be able to use the necessary skills to measure quantities for chemical reactions The periodic table: organisation of elements; periodicity; groups (physical and chemical properties); relative atomic mass; atomic number Electronic structure of atoms: Bohr’s theory Bonding of elements: ionic bonding; covalent bonding; tetrahedral basis of organic chemistry Quantities in chemical reactions: formulae; balanced equations; relative molecular mass; moles; molar masses; molarities; preparation of standard solutions and titrations

2 Be able to use the correct equipment to identify structures and functions in different types of cells Microscopic structures of cells: prokaryote (bacteria); eukaryote (plants, animals) Cell organelle structure and function: cell membrane; cell wall; nucleus; nucleolus; cytoplasm; mitochondria; ribosome; endoplasmic reticulum (smooth and rough); Golgi body; lysosome; vesicles Tissues and their functions: epithelial; connective; nerve; muscular

3 Be able to investigate different types of energy and their transfer Types of energy: mechanical (kinetic and potential); chemical; thermal; electrical Examples of energy transfer: metabolism, potential to kinetic, generation of electrical energy; thermal energy from fuels; nuclear energy to electrical energy Measurement of energy: units; use of the calorimeter, efficiencies of energy transfer

4 Be able to communicate scientific information
Methods of communication: scientific report; scientific posters; presentations; audience; terminology Scientific report writing: title; abstract; introduction; method; results; accuracy; discussion; conclusions; references; bibliography

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