John Galsworthy (1867 –1933) was an English novelist. Notable works include The Forsyte Saga (1906–1921) and its sequels, A Modern Comedy and End of the Chapter. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1932. In this extract the building of house continues and Soames has some financial problems with it. He had an argument with Bosinney because of money. Soames starts to remember his courtship and suddenly remembers that he gave a swear to Irene and forgot about it in a few days. The problem raised by the author is the impact of our acts that we committed in past on our present life. The idea of this extract probably is that people shouldn’t forget about promises they have given. There is a third person narration in this extract, interlaced with descriptive passages and dialogs of characters. The prevailing mood in this extract is lyrical and sentimental. The exposition is in the moment when Soames is thinking that he would be kept out of house. In the development of plot Soames has an disagreement with Bosinney, that they came to consensus and Soames starts to remember his past (period of courtship). The climax – Soames remembers about his forgotten swear to Irene. The denouement is he regrets about past. We can see the metaphors in this extract (for ex. cold-hearted), personalization (“the earth gave forth a farming warmth”,”to roll their bodies on her”, “put their lips to her breast”. There are also epithets (golden buds; sweet savour), oxymoron (painful sweetness), exclamations (in the end of the extract). To sum up, I think it’s a beautiful extract that is full of stylistic devices, with lyrical description of spring nature and sentimental memories.
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