Forms of Tourism

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CHAPTER 3
FORMS OF TOURISM

Forms of tourism can be discussed in terms of the displacement of persons within certain conditions. These trips always take the visitors outside their usual environment, but might take them also outside their country of residence into another economy. Forms of tourism can also be discussed in terms of the different types of tourism in a particular country, i.e. ecotourism, sports tourism, health tourism, etc.

FORMS OF TOURISM - DISPLACEMENT OF PERSONS

In economic measurement, countries are usually interested in looking separately at effects whether they occur on their soil or within other economies. This issue is particularly relevant in the case of tourism which by nature supposes that individuals displace from one place to another.

In order to make this analysis possible, it has been necessary to develop concepts which associate tourism and its activities with the residence of the individual taking the trip, that is, developing his/her tourism activities, and the place where these activities occur.

It is what is meant by this series of definitions relating to what are called the "forms of tourism" and are relatively outspoken:

Domestic tourism: is the tourism of resident visitors within the economic territory of the country of reference.

Inbound tourism: is the tourism of non-resident visitors within the economic territory of the country of reference.

Outbound tourism: is the tourism of resident visitors outside the economic territory of the country of reference.

Internal tourism: is the tourism, of both resident and non-resident visitors, within the economic territory of the country of reference.

National tourism: is the tourism of resident visitors, within and outside the economic territory of the country of reference.

The relationships which exist between the different forms of tourism is shown in the diagram below:

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Internal tourism is the sum of domestic tourism and of inbound tourism;

National tourism is the sum of domestic tourism and outbound tourism;

International tourism is the sum of outbound tourism and of inbound tourism.

FORMS OF TOURISM – TYPES OF TOURISM

Tourism Malaysia (2005) (the organisation which involves in promoting tourism in Malaysia) has classified the types of tourism in Malaysia to: • Island life
• Adventures
• Cultural heritage
• City excitement

ISLAND LIFE

• Truly inspiring - In the heart of Asia lies some of the most beautiful beaches in the world. With infinite carpets of sparkling white sand that stretches for miles and miles, and crystal clear waters around exotic tropical islands. • Truly inviting - Take long evening strolls on miles and miles of idyllic beaches. Or catch the rare sight of newborn turtles going out on their first sea adventure. Be seduced by the serenity of island life.

ISLANDS
• Langkawi Island, Kedah
• Pangkor Laut, Perak
• Perhentian Island, Terengganu
• Redang Island, Terengganu
• Sipadan Island, Sabah
• Tioman Island, Pahang
• Other Islands in Malaysia

BEACHES
• Cherating, Pahang
• Desaru, Johore
• Penang Beach, Penang
• Port Dickson, Seremban
• Other Beaches in Malaysia

THINGS TO DO
• Diving
• Health and Wellness
• Golfing- 200 Courses To Choose From
• Wedding
• Honeymoon
• Sailing- Exhilaration In Tropical Waters

ADVENTURES

• The segment of tourism consisting of programmes and activities with a connotation of challenge, expeditions full of surprises, most often for adults, involving daring journeys and the unexpected. • Truly dramatic - A land that is blessed with natural wonders galore, making it perfect for a memorable eco-holiday. With Mount Kinabalu - one of Southeast Asia's highest mountains - towering amidst a veil of clouds, the largest cave chamber in the world at Mulu Caves and lush tropical jungles that have been teeming with wildlife for millions of years. • Truly challenging - Full of wonders and attractions,...
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