Material handling is a significant safety concern. During the movement of products and materials there are numerous opportunities for personal injury and property damage if proper procedures and caution are not used. This chapter applies to all powered industrial tucks, hoists & lifting gear. The information in this chapter shall be used to train prospective industrial truck operators and provide the basis for refresher and annual retraining. OSHA reference for Powered Industrial Trucks is 1910.178.
Pre-Qualifications for Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) Operators
All candidates for PIT operators must meet the following basic requirements prior to starting initial or annual training: | Must have no adverse vision problems that cannot be corrected by glasses or contacts | No adverse hearing loss that cannot be corrected with hearing aids | No physical impairments that would impair safe operation of the PIT | No neurological disorders that affect balance or consciousness | Not taking any medication that affects perception, vision, or physical abilities
Training for Powered Industrial Truck (PIT) Operators shall be conducted by an experienced operator, selected by Management. All operational training shall be conducted under close supervision. All training and evaluation must be completed before an operator is permitted to use a Powered Industrial Truck (forklift, etc) without continual & close supervision. Training consists of:
Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only:
w Under the direct supervision of persons, selected by management, who have the knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their competence; and w Where such operation does not endanger the trainee or other employees.
Training consists of a combination of formal instruction, practical training (demonstrations performed by the trainer and practical exercises performed by the trainee), and evaluation of the operator's performance in the workplace.
Initial Training: Powered industrial truck operators shall receive initial training in the following topics:
Truck-related training topics:
1. Operating instructions, warnings, and precautions for the types of truck the operator will be authorized to operate 2. Differences between the truck and the automobile
3. Truck controls and instrumentation: where they are located, what they do, and how they work 4. Engine or motor operation
5. Steering and maneuvering
6. Visibility (including restrictions due to loading)
7. Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, and use limitations 8. Vehicle capacity
9. Vehicle stability
10. Any vehicle inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform 11. Refueling and/or charging and recharging of batteries
12. Operating limitations
13. Any other operating instructions, warnings, or precautions listed in the operator's manual for the types of vehicle that the employee is being trained to operate.
1. Surface conditions where the vehicle will be operated
2. Composition of loads to be carried and load stability
3. Load manipulation, stacking, and unstacking
4. Pedestrian traffic in areas where the vehicle will be operated 5. Narrow aisles and other restricted places where the vehicle will be operated 6. Hazardous (classified) locations where the vehicle will be operated 7. Ramps and other sloped surfaces that could affect the vehicle's stability 8. Closed environments and other areas where insufficient ventilation or poor vehicle maintenance could cause a buildup of carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust 9. Other unique or potentially hazardous environmental conditions in the workplace that could affect safe operation
Refresher training and evaluation. Refresher training, including an evaluation of the effectiveness of that training, shall be conducted to ensure that the operator has the knowledge and...