Forigen Policy of Pakistan

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11

APRIL 2004

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview
1947-2004

11

APRIL 2004

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview
1947-2004

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview 1947-2004

CONTENTS
Abbreviations and Acronyms Foreword Profile of the Author Introduction Major Phases of Pakistan's Foreign Policy a. 1947-53: Exploration and Friendship with All - Foundations of the Foreign Policy - Relations with India - Relations with Afghanistan - Security Imperatives - Relations with U.S.A. and U.S.S.R. - Relations with Muslim Countries b. 1953-62: Alignment with the West - Alignment with the West - Mutual Defence Assistance Agreement - SEATO - The Baghdad Pact / CENTO - Defence and Economic Assistance from the U.S. - Cost of Alignment with the West - Relations with China c. 1962-71: Transition - Rethinking about the Alignment Policy - Improving Relations with the Soviet Union - Improving Relations with China - Diminishing Ties with the U.S. - Pluralistic Perspective - Relations with India - Crisis in East Pakistan and International Response 09 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 14 15 15 16 16

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview 1947-2004

CONTENTS
d. 1972-79: Bilateralism and Nonalignment - Pak-India Relations: towards improvement - Strengthening of Ties with Major Powers - Nuclear Technology and Relations with the U.S. - Pakistan and the Muslim World e. 1980-90: Afghanistan and Partnership with the United States - Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan - Revival of Pakistan-U.S. Relations - Pakistan-China Relations - Pakistan and the OIC - Pakistan-India: a policy of Dialogues - The Geneva Accords on Afghanistan - Post-withdrawal Problems f. 1990-2001: Post Cold War Era and Pakistan's Dilemmas - Another Drift in Pak-US Relations - Continuation of the Afghanistan Problem - Insurgency in Kashmir - Going Nuclear g. 2001 Onwards: Counter Terrorism - September 11 and Fight Against Terrorism - Increased U.S. Support - Détente with India - Pakistan's Relations with China and Russia - Muslim World and Pakistan - Transfer of Nuclear Technology Concluding Observations Select Bibliography 17 17 17 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 24 24 24 25 26 26 26 27 28

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview 1947-2004

Abbreviations and Acronyms
Centcom CENTO CIA ISI NAM OIC POWs SEATO TIFA U.S.A U.S.S.R UK UN USMAAG Central Command (U.S.) Central Treaty Organisation Central Intelligence Agency (U.S.) Inter Services Intelligence Non Aligned Movement Organisation of the Islamic Conference Prisoners of War South East Asia Treaty Organisation Trade and Investment Framework Agreement United States of America Union of Socialist Soviet Republics United Kingdom United Nations U.S. Military Assistance Advisory Group

Pakistan’s Foreign Policy: An Overview 1947-2004

akistan's Foreign Policy: an Overview, a briefing paper by PILDAT, is a special presentation in the context of the PILDAT Short Course for Parliamentarians and Politicians on The Foreign Policy Process in Pakistan. Developed by PILDAT, as a part of the Pakistan Legislative Strengthening Consortium - PLSC, supported financially by the USAID, the paper looks at the major foreign policy phases and development of perspectives in the foreign policy of Pakistan. The paper has been especially commissioned by PILDAT to provide a comprehensive overview of Pakistan's foreign policy from 1947-2004. The briefing paper, essentially prepared for parliamentarians, can also serve as a stand-alone reference document on the foreign policy of Pakistan to-date. Authored by the renowned defence and political analyst, Prof. Dr. Hasan-Askari Rizvi, the paper attempts to present an objective and factual commentary, covering accurate history and shaping of foreign policy perspectives. PILDAT strongly feels that foreign policy should be reviewed and influenced by the supreme policy-making institution of the country: Parliament. It is in this perspective that...
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