What does 19th-century poet, Percy Bysshe Shelley, mean by “We are all Greeks”? What were the two ancient Bronze Age civilizations of the Aegean Sea? What myths or characteristics are these two ancient civilizations known for? He means that modern individuals- profoundly influenced by the Hellenic ideals of reason, beauty, and the good life on earth. Two bronze age civilization of the Aegean sea were the mycenaeans and the maritime. They were known for being prosperous and seafaring. 2.
Who is Homer? What questions are associated with him and the Iliad? What events are the Iliad about? What is the Heroic Age? Based on your readings, what are the characteristics of the epic hero? (What is the quest of the epic hero? How is Achilles different than Gilgamesh? What is arête?) ***Make sure to read Reading 4.1on page 81-84 in your textbook*** Homer is a blind poet and questions that are associated with him and the illiad are scholars are not sure where or when he lived, or if he even lived at all. The illiad are about the last days of the Trojan war. The heroic age is the period between the coming of the Greeks to Thessaly and the Greek return from Troy. An epic hero is an important figure from a history or legend. The quest of an epic hero is to find everlasting life. Achilles was considered a hero in contrast to Gilgamesh, he failed his search of immortality. Arete is in its basic sense, means excellence of any kind. In its earliest appearance in Greek, this notion of excellence was ultimately bound up with the notion of the fulfillment of purpose or function: the act of living up to one's full potential. 3.
How did the ancient Greeks envision their gods/goddesses? What is the title of the Greek creation myth? They envisioned their gods/goddesses as a family of immortals who intervened in the lives of human beings. The title of the greek creation myth is theogany. 4.
What were the Persian wars? How were the Persians defeated? What is a city-state? Who was...
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