Sri k.Bade Saheb Dr.Mansoor Rahaman Lecturer in History Lec.in.Economics Govt Degree College Osmania College
Sri Krishna Deva Raya (1509-1529 CE) was the most famous king of Vijayanagara empire. Presiding over the empire at its zenith, he is regarded as a hero by Kannadigas and Telugu people, and one of the great kings of India. Emperor Krishna Deva Raya also earned the titles Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana Mooru Rayara Ganda (meaning King of three kings) and Andhra Bhoja. Much of the information about his reign comes from the accounts of Portuguese travelers Domingo Paes and Fernao Nuniz. On basis of their accounts we know the socio.economic and cultural conditions of Sri Krishna Devaraya.We Have confined to only “Foreign travellor and his accounts on great ness of SriKrishana Devaraya”. Of all the foreign travellers to the Vijayanagara Empire, Domingo Paes' recordings are of unique values as they provide first hand vivid and graphic account of his personal experiences. He was at the Hindu capital at the period of its highest grandeur and magnificence. Paes visited the capital under the rule of Krishna Deva Raya, the most powerful king Vijayanagara Empire ever had. He witnessed not just the wealth of Vijayanagara but also the most gallantly fought battles in the history of Vijayanagara - The Battle of Raichur between the grand army of Krishna Deva Raya consisting of about a million and Adil Shah of Bijapur. Domingo Paes was a Portuguese traveller who visited Vijayanagara Empire around the year 1520. He, for the first time, accompanied Christovao de Figueiredo, a Portuguese factor.
Sri Krishna Devarya was a just ruler. He flollow the hindu dharma and rule the country without pride and prejudice. In Ancient India Mouryan king Ashoka laid the foundatation for good government. Like this in medieval india Krishna Devaraya follw the Hindu dharma and adopted the Democracy principles. Krishna Devaraya in his Amaktamalyada says: ‘A crowned king should always rule with an eye towards dharma’. Paes Italian travellor who spent a number fo years at Krishna Devaraya’s court,has given a glowing account of his personality. But he remarks : “He is great ruler and a man of much justice, but subject to sudden fits of rage”. He cherished his subjects, and his solicitude for their welfare became proverbial. The greatest achievement of of Krishna Devaraya lay in the broad toleration that previled in his empire. Quoting the famous historian Barbosa says: “The king allows such freedom that every man may come and go and live according to his own creed, without suffering any annoyance, and without enquiry whether he is a christian, Jew , Moor or heathen”. Barbosa pays a tribute to Krishna Devaraya for the justice and equity prevailing in his empire. Irrigation facilities
Sri Krishna Devaraya gave much importance to irrigation. He built a number of tanks and dams. He constructed a large number of canals to irrigate the fields. Krishna Devaraya built a dam across the river Tungabhadra near Hampi. The waters from this dam was supplied to the capital city Vijayanagar and also to rice fields. The basavannana Kaluve and earlier canals built by other kings of Vijayanagar are functioning even today. A huge tank was constructed at Masur(Darwad district) during his reign. The British engineer Play Fare who saw this tank in the middle of the 19th century exclaimed that such a huge tank was not possible to be constructed in 19th century Europe. Thomas Munro a British collector said that there is not possibility for construction of new tanks as the Vijayanagar kings have built tanks in all the places where tanks can be built! Sri Krishna Devaraya Constructed many temples,...