Foreign Policy

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  • Topic: International relations, Policy, Foreign policy
  • Pages : 6 (2097 words )
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  • Published : May 22, 2013
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THE UNIVERSITY OF DODOMA

SCHOOL OF SOCIAL SCIENCE
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
COURSE: FOREIGN POLICY AND DIPLOMACY
COURSE CODE: IR
COURSE INSTRUCTOR: MR OMBENI
COURSE NATURE: INDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT
NAME| REGISTRATION NO| DEGREE PROGRAMME| SIGNATURE|
UISO MATHIAS. L| T/UDOM/2O12/03924| BA-IR| |
Foreign policy also refers to activity of the state within which it fulfills its aims and interests within the international arena, process and a system of activities performed by a state organized community of people within the international arena. (Ernest p 2013 ) According to Susarla D. (Foreign policy consists of strategies chosen by states to safeguard national interests and to achieve its goals in international relations; states interact with other states, nations, as well as non-state actors. Foreign policy is an activity of the state within which it fulfills its aims and interests within the international arena Foreign Policy refers to a course of action or set of principles adopted by a nation’s government to define its relations with other countries or groups of countries. A country’s foreign policy also sets forth its positions on a wide range of international issues. A country’s foreign policy may reflect broad national objectives or represent a narrow and specific response to a particular situation. A country can achieve its foreign policy goals in several ways. It can use diplomacy that is, peaceful negotiations with other countries. It can employ economic actions such as giving money or other aid to another country, or it can restrict trade with that nation or impose economic sanctions on it. It also can resort to military force. (Encarta Microsoft student dictionary 2008) Foreign policies are the strategies governments use to guide their actions in the international arena. Foreign policies spell out the objectives state leaders have decided to pursue in a given relationship or situation. States establish various organizational structures and functional relationships to create and carry out foreign policies. Officials and agencies collect information about a situation through various channels; they write memoranda outlining possible options for action; they hold meetings to discuss the matter; some of them meet privately outside these meetings to decide how to steer the meetings The foreign policy role is the currency of international relations, the medium of exchange in foreign affairs. It is neither power nor state interest the long-term goals of statecraft to which a government aspires. The foreign policy role is the practical, day-to-day reality of international political discourse, which governments barter jealously guard and sometimes contest. It involves the particular concerns and immediate ends of statecraft. As with state interest, a foreign policy role is legitimized when other actors recognize the role and declare it politically acceptable (Encyclopedia of political science). The successful of foreign policy can only be successful when it recognizes and takes into account the state own properties as well as the reality of international environment. When a foreign policy reflects a state own long-term interests mainly those that guarantee the security and well fare of its people. When it is able to assess whether it has adequate means and resources for the realization of its goals with clear long-term trend toward strategic objectives in views it can take appropriate tactical decision even when there are not always direct steps forward, when it understand the interests of other countries with which it is brought face to face.( a:bid ) Safeguarding sovereignty territorial integrity and political independence of the United Republic of Tanzania. The support for the struggles against colonialism, racism and neo-colonialism the support for the oppressed people in the world. The promotion of African Unity. The promotion of the respect for the principle of...
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