Chapter 2. Literature review
Chapter 2 is more formal than chapter 1 and presents a critical analysis of prior scholarship related to the central questions of the dissertation. The literature review serves several purposes:
· It identifies chief researchers and documents in the community of scholars to which the dissertation is meant to contribute. · It identifies areas of consensus, dispute, and ignorance in the scholarship of the field and evaluates the nature and quality of support for various contentions. · It draws new insights or new questions from the literature to offer a conceptual or theoretical framework in which the dissertation should be understood. · It prepares the reader to appreciate how the dissertation will contribute significant new understanding to this framework, a point that is more fully developed in chapter 3.
The format of chapter 2 varies considerably depending on the quality of the literatures being reviewed and the degree to which the literatures emerge from a single or multiple research communities. Headings are useful ways of organizing a literature review presentation. Some reviews warrant tables that give brief summaries of collections of studies. In any event, the literature review should not merely describe prior studies, but build a reasoned and well-documented case for specific conclusions and for the significance of the dissertation research. Source: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Foreign_and_local_related_literature
In the old days, business was done using papers and flat registers. The organization of these registers was difficult and the storage of huge amounts of data was a real problem. Also, the process of preparing a report takes a lot of time. But when computers were introduced into the business field, everything had changed. Databases were used to store huge amounts of data and organize them. Instead of spending many hours (or maybe days) preparing a...