R U L E S
For Using Irregular Verbs
Understand the problem.
All verbs, whether regular or irregular, have five forms [often called principal parts]. These forms are the infinitive, simple present, simple past, past participle, and present participle. The difference between a regular and an irregular verb is the formation of the simple past and past participle. Regular verbs are dependably consistent—the simple past ends in ed as does the past participle. Check out this chart. Infinitive to laugh to start to wash to wink Simple Present laugh(s) start(s) wash(es) wink(s) Simple Past laughed started washed winked Past Participle laughed started washed winked Present Participle laughing starting washing winking
Irregular verbs, on the other hand, can end in a variety of ways, with absolutely no consistent pattern. Here are some examples: Infinitive to drive to feel to put to swim Simple Present drive(s) feel(s) put(s) swim(s) Simple Past drove felt put swam Past Participle driven felt put swum Present Participle driving feeling putting swimming
Writers make two frequent errors with irregular verbs: either adding an incorrect ed to the end of an irregular verb or accidentally interchanging the simple past and past participle. Read this sentence: Olivia feeled like exercising yesterday, so she putted on her bathing suit and drived to the YMCA, where she swum so far that only an extra large pepperoni pizza would satisfy her hunger. What are the problems with this sentence? First, feeled should be felt. Next, putted needs to be put. The correct past tense form of drive is drove. And we must change swum to swam.
Know the solution.
To avoid making mistakes with irregular verbs, learn the very long chart below.
Infinitive to arise to awake to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bet to bid (to offer) to bid (to command) to bind to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burst to buy to cast to catch to choose to cling to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to dive to do to draw to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to flee
Simple Present arise(s) awake(s) am, is, are bear(s) beat(s) become(s) begin(s) bend(s) bet(s) bid(s) bid(s) bind(s) bite(s) blow(s) break(s) bring(s) build(s) burst(s) buy(s) cast(s) catch(es) choose(s) cling(s) come(s) cost(s) creep(s) cut(s) deal(s) dig(s) dive(s) do(es) draw(s) drink(s) drive(s) eat(s) fall(s) feed(s) feel(s) fight(s) find(s) flee(s)
Simple Past arose
arisen awaked or awoke or awaked awoken was, were been bore borne or born beat beaten became become began begun bent bent bet bet bid bid bade bound bit blew broke brought built burst bought cast caught chose clung came cost crept cut dealt dug dived or dove did drew drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found fled bidden bound bitten or bit blown broken brought built burst bought cast caught chosen clung come cost crept cut dealt dug dived done drawn drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found fled
Present Participle arising awaking being bearing beating becoming beginning bending betting bidding bidding binding biting blowing breaking bringing building bursting buying casting catching choosing clinging coming costing creeping cutting dealing digging diving doing drawing drinking driving eating falling feeding feeling fighting finding fleeing
Infinitive to fling to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to forsake to freeze to get to give to go to grow to hang (to suspend) to have to hear to hide to hit to hurt to keep to know to lay to lead to leap to leave to lend to let to lie (to rest or recline) to light to lose to make to mean to pay to prove to quit to read to rid to ride to ring to rise to run
Simple Present fling(s) flies, fly forbid(s) forget(s) forgive(s) forsake(s) freeze(s) get(s) give(s) go(es) grow(s) hang(s) has, have hear(s) hide(s) hit(s) hurt(s) keep(s) know(s) lay(s) lead(s) leap(s) leave(s) lend(s) let(s) lie(s) light(s)...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document