The middle aged construction worker with type 2 diabetes has several factors that need to be addressed. Because he has type 2 diabetes this means that his pancreas makes an insufficient supply of insulin which the body needs. The body needs insulom tp regulate the levels of glucose (sugar) in the bloodstream. This means that he must make sure that he maintains a stable and healthy blood glucose level. Some ways of doing this are: * Eat at the same times each day
* Roughly eat around the same portions of food each day
* Avoid high sugar foods
Type 2 diabetes cause is a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Lifestyle factors such as poor diet, being overweight or obese and minimal physical activity enhance the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. Choosing healthy foods and being physically are essentialy to help manage his blood clucose levels and body weight. It is strongly advised that people with type 2 diabetes create a healthy eating plan and manage their healthy food intake with regular phyiscal activity. It is essential to maintain a balanced a balanced diet otherwise the blood glucose level will go too high. It is also advised not to drink excesive amounts of alcohol without any good because this will make your blood glucose level drop.
As he is a construction worker he will be doing lots of heavy lifting, cemeting, digging, standing for long periods of time and other physical requirements that can be tough and demanding. For this reason he will need meals that will be high in carbohydrates and protein as well as a regular healthy balanced diet.
As a middle aged man, getting the proper nutrients and foods is essential to keep stong bones, maintain health and minimise risk of diseases. * The specific dietary intake of energy, protein, vitamins and minerals for your particular individual or group. As a man with type two-diabetes as well as enduring physical demands from working as a construction worker, there are specific dietary requirements that need to be followed. A diet low in refined grains and sugars, low in saturated and trans fat and high in fibre eaten at regularly spaced times over the day. Spacing carbohydrate intake throughout the day helps stabilize blood glucose levels. Snacks between meals can help prevent blood glucose levels from fluctuating. Snacking will be important to prevent dips in blood glucose due to high rate of physical activity performed when working. Snacks should consist of approximately 20 grams of carbohydrates and may include fruit, vegetables, crackers, muesli bars, cheese etc. The body requires proteins such as meat, fish, eggs and dairy daily. Two to three serves of dairy and one serve of meat or fish should be consumed daily. It is specifically important because of the physical demands of a construction worker. A small amount of fats are essential to provide energy and some vitamins however too much can increase insulin resistance. Healthy fats such as avocados and small amounts of olive oil are essential, however saturated fats and trans fats affect blood cholesterol levels and can increase the risk of heart disease. Each day aim to eat:
* 5 serves of vegetables
* 2 serves of fruit
* 5 serves of grains, breads and cereals
* 2-3 serves of low-fat dairy products
* 1-2 serves of lean meat, chicken or fish
Depending on physical exertion of daily construction work, he may need to increase these serves. A low sodium/salt diet is important as this will help maintain a healthy range of blood pressure. Breakfast should be made up of one-third starch or grain, one-third fruit and one-third protein. Lunch and dinner should be one half vegetables, one quarter starch and one quarter protein. (Seen in the diagram bellow)
* Examine some of the factors that might lead to a poor diet during this stage...