Food Stamp

Topics: Agriculture, Unemployment, Food security Pages: 6 (2305 words) Published: December 4, 2012
SNAP, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, is a government assistance program to help low-income households pay for food. SNAP used to be called the Food Stamp program. The federal government changed the name of the program on October 1, 2008. SNAP is a modern program that uses EBT cards instead of old style paper food stamp coupons. The amount of SNAP food stamps a household gets depends on the household's size, income, and expenses. The first food stamp program was established by virtue of board authority contained in section 32 of the act of August 24, 1935 of the public law because of the Great Depression in the world in 1930s. Section 32 permanently appropriated an amount equal to 30 percent of U.S. customs receipts from all sources each year for the secretary of Agriculture, to be spent on three purposes, like encouragement of agricultural exports, encouragement of domestic consumption of agricultural commodities and reestablishment of farmers’ purchasing power. Then, the first food stamp plan established by the U.S. Department of Agriculture began as an experiment on May 16, 1939, in Rochester, NY. It was subsequently extended to five additional experimental areas such as Montgomery county, Dayton county, OH, king county, Seattle, WA ; Jefferson county, Birmingham , AL; Pottawatomie county, OK; and Des Moines, IA. As measured by the number of participants, the plan reached its peak in 1941. The program ended since the conditions that brought the program into being unmarketable food surpluses and widespread unemployment were no longer existed because of world war. In 1947, the house committee on agriculture and the senate committee on agriculture and forestry held long range agricultural policy hearing s at which food stamps program had been introduced by Senator Aiken. After that numbers of the food stamps bills introduce climbed dramatically and for economic recovery and growth, on February 2, 1961, president J.F.Kennedy announced an expansion of surplus commodity distribution and the beginning of the Food Stamp Program. He asked for legislation to expand and make permanent the food stamp program. And in 1964 president L.B.Johnson renewed the request for permanent authorizing legislation. Among the official purposes of the Food Stamp Act of 1964 were strengthening the agricultural economy and providing improved levels of nutrition among low-income households; however, the practical purpose was to bring the pilot food stamp program under Congressional control and to enact the regulations into law. From 1964 through 1969 the food stamp program operated as originally in 1964 with only minor changes but participants were increase unexpectedly. In the late 1970, congress enacted the first major amendments to the food stamp act of 1964, acting on a 1969 Nixon administration requested for new legislation. And from 1971 through 1973 the program continued to expand as more state and localities. After that nationwide operation of the program was accomplished in January 1975 when Puerto Rico entered the program. And in 1976, they enacted the vender act to control the vender. And Both the outgoing Republican Administration and the new Democratic Administration offered Congress proposed legislation to reform the food stamp in 1977.1977 act bring lots of changes on food stamp rules such as provision on using mail, telephone, or home visits for certification but still there was fraud and lots of error and participants increase double within a month. And the large and expensive food stamp program came under close scrutiny of both the Executive Branch and Congress in the early 1980s then Major legislation in 1981 and 1982 enacted cutbacks. The Hunger Prevention Act of 1988 was signed into law September 19, 1988 and permitted one or more pilot projects to test whether the use of benefit cards or other automated or electronic benefit delivery systems could enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of program operations...
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