Food Service

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Food Service: A Growing Industry 1

Categories of Food Service 2

Catering and Food Delivery Services 3

Hygiene and Sanitation 9

Design and Layout of the Dining 12

And Working Area

Principles of Quantity Cooking 15

Planning Menu 21

Capital Requirements, Food Costing and Pricing 24
And Control of Expenses

Promotion and Networking 31

Annex 1

Table 1.1 Suggested portion serving for fruits and vegetables 33 Table 1.2 Suggested serving size for vegetables 34
Table 1.3 Serving by type of dish of noodles and cereals 36 Table 1.4 Serving by type of canned goods 37
Table 1.5 Serving size by type of other ingredients 38

Food services: A Growing Industry

The food services industry in the Philippines has improved over the years. It has been a part of the Filipino culture to dine out during work breaks and when celebrating different occasions. The introduction of foods like hamburger, spaghetti, sushi, Thai food and even Korean dishes has contributed to Filipinos’ food preferences. Another reason is the industrialization and growth among the number of women in the workforce. Women traditionally do the cooking in Filipino households, but because they are preoccupied with work outside their homes, many of them buy cooked food, have them delivered or just dine out. Because of today’s fast-paced lifestyle, ready to cook and ready-to eat meals have become greatly in demand. The food service industry is sought after by a growing number of people who want to have filling meals in the shortest time and at the most reasonable price.

Today, different types of food establishments are being set-up all-over the country. While these are the big and fancy restaurants, fast food restaurants, delivery services, catering services and canteens and the smaller ones found within our neighborhoods such as the carinderia, pondohan and lugawan, it is also common to find food carts along sidewalks that sell fish balls, squid balls and other dimsum. Some sell barbequed chicken parts locally known as adidas(feet), pal(wings) and helmet(head). Also popular are the fried day-old chicks known as day-0. These are saleable and convenient to people with limited money to spend, and to travel or be out often.

Going into the food service business needs a lot of study on important principles of managing. Food can affect the health of the consumers; therefore it is the responsibility of its owners to maintain the cleanliness of the foods served and the place. This includes quantity cooking, menu planning, food pricing, and sanitation of work area and process, as well as health care of customers. Another important principle in this business is honest service to customers. Therefore, getting into the food business is assuming a great responsibility to the public.

Categories of Food Service

There are different types of food services established to answer the needs of the public. Among these are the restaurants, panciteria, turo-turo and dimsum houses, bakeshops, coffee shops, pizza houses and specialty restaurants. These are generally categorized in two: the commercial food service and the welfare food service.

A. Commercial Food Service

All eateries that are into business and profit fall under the commercial food service. In this category, the controlling of expenses, setting of the profit and planning the business growth lies within the responsibility of the owner. It is he who sets the price of the food and services based on the type of food and services, value of the place and the economic level of the target customers.

B. Welfare Food Service

The welfare food service is set up to cater to a particular group of people like employees,...
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