Food Scarcity in India

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Food Scarcity in India

There is a problem in the World’s economy, and it is a bigger problem than most people actually realize. We cannot change the world in one day, so my essay pinpoints India. India is the seventh largest country in the entire world. This means there is a lot of land to produce food, and many people in the country to feed; 1.2 billion to be exact. The word “scarce” means not having enough; or a shortage. With as many people living in this country, you can imagine the fear and anguish in the ones residing in that area. India is considered the world’s largest democracy. There is a word that doesn’t sit well with me is “famine”, and that is exactly what India is going through. It is sad to think that hundreds of people die per day in this area because they are hungry. The thought does not sit well with me, and it shouldn’t you either. I am going to explain exactly why this country is dealing with so much turmoil and also give a few examples of how we can actually prepare and prevent food scarcity in our area. The crisis has its roots in different areas. The first is the low and slow productivity of farmers in the poorest countries, caused by their lack of ability to pay for feed, fertilizers and materials. When you do not have the money to pay for the necessities to keep your farm maintained, the resources will begin to die. India and Thailand are two of Asia's leading rice exporters. The rules in the U.S. and Europe of creating a diversion of food crops to produce different eco-friendly fuels like corn-based ethanol create a barrier between the two countries. But is also the reason why these countries are so involved. Wheat, corn and rice prices have more than doubled in the past two years, and oil prices have more than tripled since. “The state government of Andhra Pradesh, one of India's traditional rice-bowls, said food grain production in the state was expected to plummet by more than 900,000 tons due to the floods.” Another reason for this scarcity in India is climate change; take the recent droughts in Australia and Europe, which cut the global production of grain in 2005 and '06. India is heavily dependent on the climate, with it being so involved in export and imports of rice, the farmers need a certain amount of rain per month in order to irrigate crops. “Instead of the usual high pressure air mass over the southern Indian Ocean, an ENSO-related oceanic low pressure convergence center forms; it then continually pulls dry air from Central Asia, desiccating India during what should have been the humid summer monsoon season. This reversed air flow causes India's droughts.” This serious explanation is all from a storm called “El Nino”. El Nino is basically abnormally warm water temperature, the warm water has been found in the Indian Ocean; the main source of water for India. An Indian sharecropper is at risk of losing everything even his livestock. He sits down with New York Times and shared some of his pain. “If this situation continues, I’ll lose everything,” said Mr. Mukane, whose soybean, sugarcane and cotton crops were visibly stunted and wilting in his fields recently. “Nothing can happen without water.” He is not the only farmer expressing his sadness and fear due to the drought. Thousands of farmers are in the same boat, praying for a miracle. India has the tenth largest economy in the world, which is why it is so difficult to come to an agreement on where the food should come from and how the food should be exported and imported. You cannot fix Mother Nature, because if you could, the world would probably be a better place. Although you cannot prevent an actual drought, there are a few things you can do in order to prepare for a drought. The first and most obvious thing is to conserve your water. This seems so simple, but you cannot imagine how much water is actually wasted within a one year time frame. You also need to follow all of the burn ban rules, these may seem obvious as well,...
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