Food for Special Needs

Topics: Breastfeeding, Breast milk, Milk Pages: 5 (1204 words) Published: March 14, 2013
Food For Special Needs.
Circumstances that lead to special food needs.
Stages of the human lifecycle.
Pregnancy: In pregnancy a women’s diet must provide all the nutrients required for the development of the embryo and foetus. A developing foetus does not use a lot of energy, so a large amount of extra food is not necessary. A pregnant mother requires:

* A good supply of protein for the growth of new cells.
* Additional calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D to assist bone and teeth formation. * B group vitamins, which aid the metabolism of carbohydrates * Iron and folate to prevent anaemia
* Increased fibre intake to prevent constipation
* 6-8 glasses of water per day.

* Task- List 5 foods for each of the underlined nutrients. Protein:
1. Meat
2. Fish
3. Nuts
4. Dairy Products
5. Beans
1: Dried Herbs
2: Cheese
3: Sesame Seeds
4: Tofu
5: Almonds
#1: Bran (Rice and Oat)
Bran is a high fiber food and an easy addition to breakfast cereals, breads, and other baked goods. Rice bran provides the most phosphorus with 1677mg (168% DV) per 100 gram serving, 1979mg (198% DV) per cup. Oat bran provides 690mg (69% DV) of phosphorus per cup. Click to see complete nutrition facts

#2: Pumpkin, Squash, and Watermelon Seeds
Pumpkin, squash, and watermelon seeds make a great snack or addition to baked goods and can be found in most grocery stores. Roasted pumpkin and squash seeds provide 1172mg (117% DV) of phosphorus per 100g serving, that is 2660mg (266% DV) per cup, and 328mg (33% DV) per ounce. Watermelon seeds provide considerbly less with 815mg (82% DV) per cup.Click to see complete nutrition facts

#3: Sunflower Seeds
Sunflower seeds are a good source of magnesium and vitamin E, in addition to many more nutrients. Sunflower seeds provide 1158mg (116% DV) of phosphorus per 100 gram serving, 1552mg (155% DV) per cup, and 324mg (32% DV) per ounce. Click to see complete nutrition facts

#4: Toasted Wheat Germ
Toasted wheat germ is a great addition to cereals, salads, desserts, or just eaten on its own! Wheat germ provides 1146mg (115% DV) of phosphorus per 100g serving, which is 1295mg (129% DV) per cup, and 321mg (32% DV) per ounce. Click to see complete nutrition facts

#5: Cheese
Food For Special Needs.
Circumstances that lead to special food needs.
Stages of the human lifecycle.
Lactation: When a women is breast-feeding she is said to be lactating. An increase in nutrients, specifically protein, vitamins and minerals, is essential at this time as the mother is producing the food requirements for her newborn child. This production of breast milk is known as lactation. Breast milk is high in energy and a complete source of nutrition for most babies up until the age of 6months. Breast milk provides the perfect nutrition and important substances for protection against infection, and is easily digested by an infant. The first fluid to come from the breast is a substance called colostrum, which is rich in antibodies, proteins and minerals but has less sugar and fat than the milk that follows. Task:

* Find and list 3 forms of official support in Australia for a breast-feeding mother. * Write a definition for the word antibodies, colostrum and lactation. * Research and find out why a breast feeding mother would need to increase their water intake. * What can hinder and prevent a mother from breast-feeding successfully? * Research the nutritional composition of infant formula. Compare the nutritional composition of breast milk with infant formula.

Food For Special Needs.
Circumstances that lead to special food needs.
Stages of the human lifecycle.
Infancy: Is the stage in the lifecycle from birth to 12 months of age. Nutrition is important during this time, as rapid growth and development take place. After about 6 months of thriving on breast milk or formula milk, a baby may need some...
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