Food and Nutrition

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A warm up is an exercise that captures the group’s attention, relaxes them, and prepares them for the experience to follow. There are a wide variety of warm up activities (such as socially oriented games). Warm ups can be structured or casual or impromptu. The occupational therapist should choose a warm up that challenges members enough to hold their interest but is not beyond their capabilities (14/02/2009, Cole M. B, @

Other types of warm ups can be physical activity or an introductory painting activity. ‘Physical warm up’ activities include such things as: shoulder rubs, milling round and shaking hands, circle dances, etc., which help to get energy flowing. (Liebmann M (1986) Pg.26).

Some types of warm up are aimed at building or reconstructing an appropriate body image, as well as enlarging movement range by using a sequences of changing qualities of movement. For example, running as fast as you can and then stopping, in order to restore phrasing and self control over endings in movement. (Jones K S (1992) Pg.33-34).

In an established group, introductions and warm up activities may not be needed each time. The group comes together, has a brief discussion about the session’s theme, and then everyone gets straight on with the activity. This is possible because the ‘ground rules’ and way of working have been worked out and have become an implicit part of the group. If new people join, these ‘rules’ will have to be explained. Form time to time, an established group will need to spend some discussion time to reassess its way of working and its ground rules, and possibly to agree on some change if it seems appropriate (Liebmann M (1986) Pg.26).

Warm-up exercises give clients a chance to become familiar with art therapy and the group experience. They allow group participants “loosen up” and relate better to one another. The warm-up helps desentisitze apprehensive individuals to the art experience because it is often fun and easy;...
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