Year : 1954
Act : An act to make provision for the prevention of adulteration of food.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifth Year of the Republic of India as Follows:-
1. Short title, extent and commencement-
(1) This act may be called the Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954.
(2) It extends to the whole of India
(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint,
2. Definitions- In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
(i) adulterant means any material which is or could be employed for the purposes of adulteration;)
(ia) adulterated - an article of food shall be deemed to be adulterated-
(a) If the article sold by a vendor is not of the nature, substance or quality demanded by the purchaser and is to his prejudice, or is not of the nature, substance or quality which it purports or is represented to be;
(b) If the article contains any other substance which affects, or if the article is so processed as to affect, injuriously the nature, substance or quality thereof;
(c) If any inferior or cheaper substance has been substituted wholly or in part for the article so as to affect injuriously the nature, substance or quality thereof;
(d) If any constituent of the article has been wholly or in part abstracted so as to affect injuriously the nature, substance or quality thereof;
(e) If the article had been prepared, packed or kept under insanitary conditions whereby it has become contaminated or injurious to health;
(f) If the article consists wholly or in part of any filthy, putrid, rotten, decomposed or diseased animal or vegetable substance or is insect-infested or is otherwise unfit for human consumption;
(g) If the article is obtained from a diseased animal;
(h) If the article contains any poisonous or other ingredient which renders it injurious to health;...