Fly Control

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  • Topic: Insect, Composting, Housefly
  • Pages : 5 (1365 words )
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  • Published : January 29, 2013
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FLY CONTROL
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
-Widely distributed throughout the world, the common house fly (Musca domestica) is one of the most prevalent of all insects, which can make fly control difficult. Flies belong to the insect order Diptera and are related to mosquitoes and gnats.

- Flies are cold-blooded insects that move about looking for external heat sources; most flies are diurnal and are attracted to certain wavelengths of light. Flies buzz around windows and can be easily vacuumed up by windows or lights. Most flies have large compound eyes and usually three simple eyes. Each of the fly’s compound eyes has about 4,000 six-sided lenses- so they can detect the slightest movement. Flies taste with special hairs on their feet. The larvae or maggot is legless and the head is often reduced or indistinguishable and retracted into the thoracic segments. Flies can range from tiny midges less than 1/16” long to huge robber flies more than 3” long.

-Adults are strong fliers, and can travel up to 20 miles, although they are found primarily within two miles of the larval food site. When feeding, house flies regurgitate liquid from the stomach to dissolve food, then use their sponging mouthparts to suck it up.

-They leave fecal spots, or "specks," where they have walked, and in this way may transfer disease organisms to humans and animals. In rural areas, flies can be a nuisance when they gather on the outside walls of homes and buildings on summer evenings.

-House fly adults (1/6 - 1/4 inch long) are dull gray in color with reddish-brown eyes. They have two membranous wings and four dark stripes down the middle section of their body (thorax). Females are usually larger than males and can be distinguished by the space between their eyes, which is almost twice the distance as in males. The larval stage (3/8 - 3/4 inch), also known as a maggot, is soft, cream-colored, and worm-like. They are typically found around rotting organic matter, such as manure piles or garbage cans, and are somewhat carrot shaped.

LIFE CYCLE
A variety of fly species exist and while these insects are all considered a nuisance, certain types are responsible for spreading diseases. To decrease disease risk, it is important to understand where flies live and breed and control methods available. 1. A fly life cycle has 4 stages: egg, larva (maggots), pupa, and adult. - This cycle can take less than 2 weeks in warm weather for some species.

2. Adult flies lay their eggs in wet organic matter, such as animal waste and decaying material. - Moisture is needed to prevent the eggs, larvae and pupae from drying out - Bacteria and viruses that may cause disease are picked up from these sources.

3. Adult flies can carrying disease organisms on their legs and mouthparts - Some flies are biting species and can trasmit blood-borne pathogens in this manner.

DISEASES CAUSED BY FLIES:

* Malaria
* Sleeping sickness
* Conjunctivitis
* Tuberculosis
* Leishmaniasis
* Filarasis
* Anthrax
* Yellow fever
* Typhoid and Parathypoid
* Bacillary dysentery
* Pinworms, Roundworms, Whipworms, Hookworms, Tapeworms and various diarrheal illnesses.

How To Kill And Get Rid Of Flies
There's nothing a fly likes less than proper sanitation. Adult flies need a place to lay their eggs, and a clean home and yard just won't appeal to mama fly. Proper sanitation and housekeeping are crucial in controlling flies. No amount of chemicals or traps will control flies if a few basic steps are not followed. Implementing the following steps is the very basis for fly control in and around homes and buildings. Here's how to keep flies from breeding in or near your home. 1. Clean up all pet and animal feces promptly. Any fresh, moist animal feces will draw flies. To keep flies from breeding in your dog's doo-doo, either bury it immediately or use a pooper scooper and...
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