Fluctuation of Share Prices in Bangladesh

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over view of dhaka stock exchange4
problem statement7
Research Question/Hypothesis7
Overall Objective8
Specific Aims8
research design and methods11
Sources of Data11
Collection of Data11
time fram e 12
key determinants of share price of dse13
conclusion and recommendation17


As, in Bangladesh many people are involved in share business and, significantly many newcomers are heading towards the markets for investing but most of them are investing whimsically or without proper justification on the share markets. As a result some are gaining markedly and some are returning back loosing a great amount. Some think that dividend policy is the key factor of the share price fluctuation. Actually it is not the only factors behind the movement of share prices. Financial scholars have been conducting studies of dividend policy for several decades; but different researchers have come to different conclusions. Financial economists have come to different conclusion about factors determining dividend policy and effect of dividend policies on common stock price. A general question may arise in the mind of the shareholders that the corporate dividend policy affects the value of their stocks. So, in addition to the theory of dividend policy, it is necessary to discuss the empirical evidence on the dividend payment practices of the corporations and their possible impacts on common stock prices. Empirical testing of dividend policy may focus on determinants which directly and indirectly affects the stock prices in Bangladesh especially in the Dhaka Stock Exchange.

Key words: Stock market, economic factors, political factors, stability.


The stock exchange has been perceived by many as the backbone for most contemporary economies, serving a critical need of raising capital funds for companies at a reasonably low cost as compared to other sources of finance such as borrowing. The stock exchange serves two critical functions; it provides a critical link between companies that need funds to set up new businesses or to expand their current operations and investors that have excess funds to invest in such companies and it provides a regulated market place for buying and selling of shares at prices determined by supply and demand, not withstanding other macroeconomic fundamentals such as interest and inflation rates. To meet their short-term cash requirements corporations usually borrow from banks. However, when corporations need long term financing they may sell their ownership interests in the company to the public, or borrow from the public by selling bonds. Stocks exist to enable companies in need of long term financing to sell pieces of their business as stock (equity securities) in exchange for cash. This is the principal method for raising capital other than issuing bonds. These publicly held shares could be traded to other investors on the stock market. The Bangladesh Stock Exchange (DSE) has become very important as an investment vehicle for both local and international investors especially after the introduction Economic Structural Adjustment Program (ESAP) in 1991 when borrowing rates increased to levels above one hundred percent. This study will try to unravel the major qualitative arguments of stock prices on the DSE.

Origins of the Dhaka Stock Exchange:

Dhaka Stock Exchange (Generally known as DSE) is the main stock exchange of Bangladesh. It is located in Motijheel at the heart of the Dhakacity. It was incorporated in 1954. Dhaka stock exchange is the first stock exchange of the country. As of 18 August 2010, the Dhaka Stock Exchange had over 750 listed companies with a combined market capitalization of $50.28 billion.


It first incorporated as East Pakistan Stock Exchange Association Ltd in 28 April 1954 and...
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