What is FLSA?
The FLSA is the most general federal labor law. It contains the minimum wage provisions, Equal Pay Act, child labor restrictions, and a variety of other federal labor and employment law sections. The FLSA described about minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping and child labor standards. Those provisions are effected/covered both full-time and part-time workers in the private companies and in federal, state, and local government. The most important section in FLSA should be the minimum wage part and over-time payment section. Based on the name “Fair Labor Standard Act” FLSA emphasis the word “fair”. Why does it exist?
In 1800s, the industry revolution started in Europe. A lot of people from the country area were moving into the cities. Instead of working in agriculture area to make a life, more and more country people became hard labor and worked for those new industry companies. Since there were a lot of them wanted a job from a factory, and the working positions were limited, the lucky one who had a job worked really hard to keep their position. The owners of the factories aware that there was more labor supply out there than the factories’ demand. So they started to make workers working extremely long time with the lowest pay. Of course, there were different ways to measure employees’ work. But no matter they measure the work by the quantity or hours worked, the capitalists were breaking their brains to make as much money as they can from those workers. Some of the factories’ owner even won’t let workers take off a day for sickness. If one worker is sick, then he must lost his job—the factory can’t slow down for him and there are always more people out there willing to work for the factory. Workers started to work 7 days a week and 16 hours every day. There were children under 14 works for them too.
In order to improve their living conditions, the proletariat of the capitalist countries fought a long battle against the...