Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s): 101
  • Published: March 13, 2013
Read full document
Text Preview
Flower arrangement is the combination of several elements to produce a visually pleasing display of fresh, silk or dried flowers. Flowers are arranged in several basic designs, including vertical, horizontal, triangular, crescent, and oval arrangements. Other options include a minimal arrangement, such as the lazy “S” or “Hogarth’s Curve,” and free-standing arrangements. Hogarth’s curve is named for English painter William Hogarth who introduced designs shaped like the curves of the letter “s” into floral design. The elements of flower arrangement include line materials, which are the first pieces placed in a design to establish the overall width and height. Next, the dominant materials are inserted. These are form flowers, such as lilies, irises or peonies. Next, place smaller mass flowers, or secondary materials, in between the dominant selections. Filler flowers are an optional next step. Special materials, such as moss or vines, add texture to an arrangement. The accent of a flower arrangement might be a focal point including a statue or figurine or might be the impact of a single color. Open flowers also add accent to a flower arrangement. Many tools make flower arrangement easier. Dried foam holds silk or artificial flowers in place. A “frog” is a metal device often used when dried foam will not work, for example in a clear glass vase. It holds flowers in place between its steel pins. Glass marbles and river rock hold stems in clear receptacles as well.

Horizontal Arrangements

1. Using a relatively shallow container, anchor foam with a lot of glue or use anchor pins, and position sprays of line flowers to establish the shape of the design. 2. Insert focal flowers in the middle so they gently droop over the lip of the container on both sides, reach towards the line material and extend on either side of the middle. Leave room for filler flowers. 3. Fill in and around focal area with filler flowers and foliage. Vertical arrangements

1. Wedge or secure foam in a vase with hot glue. Cut the stems of the tallest flowers or leaves to reach three or four times the height of the vase.  2. Place the focal flowers vertically within the diameter of the vase.  3. Fill in the areas as needed with filler flowers.

Triangular arrangements
1. Secure floral foam. Determine the vertical height and horizontal width with the smallest line flowers and/or leaves. Make the height higher than the width. 2. Position the largest focal flowers in the heart of the arrangement and slightly lower to give weight and balance.  3. Fill in with the filler flowers and foliage keeping within the triangular shape. Crescent arrangements

1. Secure foam in container. Determine length of crescent and insert curved line flowers or leaves to follow the crescent form. Angle the shape to balance in the container. 2. Insert the focal flowers fairly low in the bowl to achieve balance, stability and depth.  3. Fill in around the focal flowers with smaller flowers and foliage. Place wisps of filler flowers that gracefully taper off the ends. Oval arrangements

1. Secure the floral foam. Determine the height with line flowers, then frame in the outer edges of the oval shape with light colored flowers and foliage. 2. Place the largest, strongest or brightest flowers in the focal area.  3. Fill in around the larger flowers and leaves with the filler flowers. Minimal arrangements

1. Adhere foam to container. Insert vertical line flowers to determine the height, and secure the horizontal line flowers to give the basic outline of the arrangement 2. Place the focal flowers
 3. Fill in with filler flowers as needed.
The lazy “s” or hogarth’s “curve
1. Anchor the foam securely. Bend the stems gently into graceful curves and insert them in place so they balance. 2. Add the focal flowers following the lines of the upper and lower curves. 3. Cluster filler blossoms and foliage around the central flowers maintaining the rhythm of the ‘S’. Free standing arrangements...
tracking img