The Everglades is a two million acre subtropical wetland ecosystem that is approximately two million acres. It reaches from central Florida, near Orlando, all the way south to Florida Bay. (Federation, 2000) The geology of Southern Florida, has a warm and wet subtropical climate that provides conditions that help the large marshland ecosystem flourish. Layers of porous and permeable limestone create water bearing rock and soil that effect the climate, weather and hydrology of Southern Florida. The climate of South Florida is noted for its variability, as average annual temperatures range from 60 °F (16 °C) to 80 °F (27 °C). Temperatures in summer months typically exceed 90 °F (32 °C). (Wikipedia,2010)
Writer Marjory Stoneman Douglas invented the term "River of Grass" to describe the sawgrass marshes of the Everglades. This is part of the components of the eocsystem that also include cypress swamps, the estuarine mangrove forests of the Ten Thousand Islands, tropical hardwood hammocks, pine rockland and the marine environment of Florida Bay. (Federation, 2000)
Sawgrass thrives in the slowly moving water, but may die in unusually deep floods if oxygen is unable to reach its roots, and it is particularly vulnerable immediately after a fire. Aquatic animals such as turtles, alligators, snakes, and fish thrive in sloughs; they usually feed on aquatic invertebrates. Submerged and floating plants grow here, such as bladderwort, waterlily, and spatterdock . The region's subtropical to tropical climate features a 7-month wet season from April through October, when 75 percent of precipitation is related to tropical cyclones and thunderstorms. (Wikipedia,2010)
As the population of Florida has grown many thousands of acres of swampland have been logged and drained for residential and agricultural uses. Much of the once wet and mucky land has been filled in and used for growing crops, grazing livestock,...