Florence Nightingale (1820 – 1910)
Florence Nightingale, also called ‘The Lady with the Lamp’ (Encylopedia Britannica, Encylopedia Britannica Online, 2012), was an English nurse who broke down male chauvinist that defined the life and role of women. Her life and achievements shows great inspiration for women (A&E Networks, 2012). She single handedly changed army barrack hospital setups and drastically brought down the death toll of injured and disease infected soldiers. The founder of the modern nursing profession, Florence Nightingale placed a high priority on the reform of army medical services. She was also regarded as a leading expert on hospital design and on public health policy in India, even though she had never been there. Born the 12th of May, 1820 in the Italian city of Florence, from which her first name was taken, Florence Nightingale was the second daughter of wealthy parents who gave her an excellent education and was horrified when she tried to use it to follow a career (A&E Networks, 2012). At a young age, Florence Nightingale was active in philanthropy and ministering to ill and poor people in a village surrounding her family’s estate. At the age of 16, she found herself increasingly drawn towards nursing, a task that, in the England of her day, was undertaken largely by poor, uneducated women who could find no better employment. Against her parents’ wishes, in 1844 Florence enrolled in The Institution of Protestant Deaconesses at Kaiserswerth in Germany for basic training in nursing. In the early 1850’s Florence returned back to London and took on a job working at Middlesex hospital for ailing governesses (A&E Networks, 2012). Her performance was so impressive that her employer promoted her to superintendent of the Institute for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen in London. In 1854 when, Sidney Herbert, Secretary at War looked for someone to take charge of nurses who were desperately needed for the troops in the...
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