Flag Code

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  • Topic: Philippines, Flag Day, Flag
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  • Published : April 17, 2013
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REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8491
AN ACT PRESCRIBING THE CODE OF THE NATIONAL FLAG, ANTHEM, MOTTO, COAT-OF-ARMS AND OTHER HERALDIC ITEMS AND DEVICES OF THE PHILIPPINES.

Section 1. Short title.— This Act shall be known as the "Flag and Heraldic Code of the Philippines."

Sec. 2. Declaration of policy. — Reverence and respect shall at all times be accorded the flag, the anthem, and other national symbols which embody the national ideals and traditions and which express the principles of sovereignty and national solidarity. The heraldic items and devices shall seek to manifest the national virtues and to inculcate in the minds and hearts of our people a just pride in their native land, fitting respect and affection for the national flag and anthem, and the proper use of the national motto, coat-of-arms and other heraldic items and devices.

Sec. 3. Definition of terms. — Whenever used in this Act, the term:cralaw a) "Military"shall mean all branches of the Armed Forces of the Philippines including the Philippine National Police, the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology, and the Bureau of Fire Protection;

b) "Festoon" shall mean to hang in a curved shape between two points as a decoration;

c) "Flag"shall mean the Philippine National Flag, unless stated otherwise;

d) "Fly"shall mean the part of the flag outside the hoist or length;

e) "Symbol"shall mean any conventional sign which reveals man's achievement and heroism (for orders and decorations), identification, authority and a sign of dignity (for coat-of-arms, logo and insignia);

f) "Half-Mast"shall mean lowering the flag to one-half the distance between the top and bottom of the staff;

g) "Hoist"shall mean the part of the flag nearest the staff or the canvass to which the halyard is attached;

h) "Inclement Weather"shall mean that a typhoon signal is raised in the locality;

i) "National Anthem"shall mean the Philippine National Anthem;

j) "Official Residences"shall mean Malacañang, and other government-owned structures where the President resides, and other structures occupied by the Philippine Consulate or Embassies abroad; k) "Places of Frivolity" shall mean places of hilarity marked by or providing boisterous merriment or recreation; and

l) "Institute"shall mean the National Historical Institute.
CHAPTER I
THE NATIONAL FLAG
A. Design of the National Flag

Sec. 4. The flag of the Philippines shall be blue, white and red with an eight-rayed golden-yellow sun and three five-pointed stars, as consecrated and honored by the people. B. Hoisting and Display of the National Flag

Sec. 5. The flag shall be displayed in all public buildings, official residences, public plazas, and institutions of learning every day throughout the year.

Sec. 6. The flag shall be permanently hoisted, day and night throughout the year, in front of the following: at Malacañang Palace; the Congress of the Philippines building; Supreme Court building; the Rizal Monument in Luneta, Manila; Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite; Barasoain Shrine in Malolos, Bulacan; the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Libingan ng mga Bayani; Musoleo de los Beteranos dela Revolucion; all International Ports of Entry and all other places as may be designated by the Institute.

The flag shall be properly illuminated at night.

Sec. 7. The flag shall also be displayed in private buildings and residences or raised in the open on flag-staffs in front of said buildings every April 9 (Araw ng Kagitingan); May 1 (Labor Day); May 28 (National Flag Day) to June 12 (Independence Day); last Sunday of August (National Heroes Day); November 30 (Bonifacio Day); and December 30 (Rizal Day); and on such other days as may be declared by the President and/or local chief executives.

The flag may also be displayed throughout the year in private buildings or offices or raised in the open on flag-staffs in front of private buildings: Provided, That they observe flag-raising ceremonies in accordance with...
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