Five Factors That Lead to Recidivism

Topics: Crime, Criminal law, Drug addiction Pages: 2 (532 words) Published: June 23, 2011

#1 Chemical dependency issues—major condition of parole—alcohol and drug free • Regina—25 year methamphetamine addict—went to T.X. twice after release from prison—everyone thought drinking was ok, even though it is clearly forbidden in terms of parole • Shep—relapsed and got violated several times

#2 Housing/lack of housing/back in the ‘hood—coming out of prison—little/no money, felony record eliminates many options, including section 8 housing—1988—Anti-Drug Abuse Act—allowed local housing authorities to evict an entire family if anyone engaged in “drug-related criminal activity” • Elaine-back to projects, surrounded by what parole ordered her to avoid—drugs, crime, gang activity • Shep—no place to go, ended up in bad neighborhood—arrested for “being in the vicinity of a drug deal” • Smiley moved back into the same gang-infested neighborhood he lived in before prison

#3 Unrealistic expectations—planned “a wonderful life upon release “while in prison, goals that are often difficult to achieve/unrealistic • Elaine—P.O. said she had an “air of grandeur about her, wouldn’t take a job as a maid upon release from prison; thought her post-prison romantic life would live up to “How Stella got her Grove Back” • Smiley—wanted to support himself tattooing, but his only customers (the only people he ever knew) were gang affiliations—forbidden by parole conditions

#4 Lack of personal responsibility/unwillingness to follow rules of parole—stable housing and employment, no drugs/drinking • Prisonization—reflexive distrust and hostility toward official authority born out of initial relationship between inmates and guards, difficulty showing up for work on time—Elaine. Smiley—never had a job before—fired for aggressive behavior • They all drank on camera

• Smiley refused to cut his ties to gang members
• Shep—complete denial—believes that he is wrongfully imprisoned

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