UNIT PAPER II : The First Man On The Moon
In the early 1950’s, the United States of America and the Soviet Union competed in the greatest race of all time. This competition quickly gets the name of the race to space, more specifically the “race to the moon” by different journalist and reporters from both country Americans and Soviet.Many analysts and specialists of still confuse about the real reasons of this “race”, what start it, why they start it, why go on the moon. Two relevant articles inform us about this event which changes the world. One of them is written by Jennifer Rosenberg and that offers us a perspectives about the Americans side and what was they desire to do this space race against the Soviet. A totally different perspective is given by Wilson Michael in which he defends the Soviet side and explain what was they purposes. While they totally agree about who reach the moon first, they hardly disagree about who start the race.
According to Wilson Michael,professor and historian in a Seattle University the Space Race became a symbol of a broad political contest between two rival Powers: the U.S. and the Soviet Union. They both struggled to reach the moon. Before a watchful world, each side sought to demonstrate its superiority through impressive feats in rocketry and space.The Soviet Union put the first satellite into orbit, as well as the first human in space. This project took place in late 1950’s.
Sergei Kolorev , the Chief-designer of the program, is also known as the man who developed the world first intercontinental “ballistic missile” ( “Wilson Michael”34). The Soviet Union was determined with him at the head of this project. In October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union lunched Sputnik 1 the first satellite into orbit (“Wilson Michael” 34). This big event was a great advantage for the Soviet Union and the United States were surprised to find themselves behind the race to space. The Soviet Union next project was to lunch the first man on the moon . This project was not that easy because they face many difficulties such as the most important one which was to find a place to build the machine which will be launched to the moon. During this time the United States was behind the Soviet Union cause they still struggling about what to do and they face also material difficulties (“Wilson Michael” 35). The Soviet Union was really determinate in that race and with the advantages that they have on the U.S they had time to do many test were made to guarantee travelling in space wouldn’t have a negative impact on men (“History Today” 36) In order to do so ,they first started by launching live dogs to evaluate the possible stress it could have on men and their work in space. Kolorev made many prototypes before reaching the “right one” (“Wilson Michael” 36) . The name was Voskhov. This project was realized with many convictions and took about a year to be done. Yuri Gargarin was the astronaut chosen to go on the moon. He was one of the astronaut who worked with Kolorev on building the machine ( “Wilson Michael” 36). On April 12,1961 after many prototypes the Voskhov left from the Baikonur Cosmodrome with Yuri Gargarin on board. He circled the planet for about 108 minutes before reentering the earth’s atmosphere.At about 4 miles above ground his ejection seat propelled him from the capsule and he parachuted to the ground (“Wilson Michael37). The project was then deemed as a failure. The failure was hard to accept. Still behind the Soviet Union four years later, President Kennedy's speech to Congress, on May 25, 1961,expressed his concern about the United States falling behind the Soviet Union in technology and prestige. He then challenged the nation to put a man on the moon before the end of the decade ( “Wilson Michael” 38). Three years after the speech of President Kennedy,the Soviet Union where still...