First Aid Study Notes

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First Aid Notes

Q. Why is first aid important?
A. It is better to know first aid and not need it than to need it and not know it.

Q. What is first aid?
A. First aid is the immediate care give to an injured or suddenly ill person.

Q. What is Duty of Care?
A. While providing first aid you have a duty of care which requires you to assess and treat the casualty within the confines of your training and expertise i.e. you must only do what you are trained to do. Q. What is CPR

A. CPR stands for CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
Q. What is Cyanosis
A. CYANOSIS is the result of low levels of oxygen in the blood resulting in the skin and mucous membranes becoming blue or grey

Key Terms:
Consent: You must obtain consent from an alert person before providing care either by Verbal consent or Expressed consent the nod of the head. Implied consent assumes a non alert person will want care provided.

Patient Confidentiality: All data or information collected must be stored in a locked fireproof cabinet and if stored electronically secured by password

Negligence: Occurs when having a duty to act but either not doing so or doing so incorrectly or causing injury and damages

Documentation: Documentation should include the following
·Date of Intervention
·Name & address of casualty
·Location of incident
·Type of injury/illness
·Type of treatment given
·Your name and signature

Protection: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
ØLatex Free Gloves
ØProtective Eyewear
ØStandard Surgical Mask
ØMouth to Mouth Barriers
ØWash hands with soap & water after giving first aid, clean spill area with disinfecting solution such as ¼ cup bleach & 4 litres of water ØIf exposure happens at work report incident to supervisor otherwise contact your doctor

Disease Transmission:

Bloodbourne Diseases: are diseases carried by an infected person’s blood such as Hepatitis B Virus (Viral infection of the Liver vaccine available) Hepatitis C Virus (Viral infection of the Liver NO vaccine available) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV NO vaccine available)

Airborne Diseases:
Tuberculosis (TB transmitted by coughing/sneezing a bacterium settles in the lungs)

Action at an Emergency
1.Size up the Scene make sure it’s safe with no hazards
2.Impression of what happened, is it an injury or illness and is it severe or minor 3.How many people are involved is there more than one casualty 4.If casualty is unresponsive tap on shoulders and call out loudly to check for response if still unresponsive call for HELP LOUDLY 5.If help is available ask them to ring 112 and give them the RED CARD to help them make the call ask them to locate if available: a FIRST AID KIT, AED MACHINE & BLANKET AND PLEASE COME BACK

Call 112 When:
ØCondition is life threating

ØCasualty needs skills or equipment of the EMS (Emergency Medical Services)

ØWould distance or traffic conditions cause a delay in getting to the hospital

ØSerious Conditions: Fitting, Chest/Abdominal pain or pressure, sudden dizziness, weakness or change in vision, difficulty breathing short of breath, severe/persistent vomiting, sudden severe pain anywhere in the body, bleeding not stopping after 10-15 mins of pressure, gaping wound with edges that do not come together, deep cuts to hand or face, puncture wounds, most animal and all human bites, hallucinations, stiff neck with fever or headache, stupor or dazed behaviour with high fever, unequal pupil size, loss of consciousness, blindness, staggering or repeated vomiting after a head injury, spinal injuries, severe burns, poisoning, drug overdose.

ØWhen calling 112 give the following Location of Emergency, Number you are calling from, Casualty’s name, condition and what happened, if required request extra resources such as Gardai or Fire

Checking the Casualty:
1.Check Scene
2.Check to see what’s wrong
3.Identify and correct any immediate life...
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