First Aid in Aviaiton

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AVIATION FIRST AID

Introduction:
The aviation first aid course introduces crews to first aid in an aviation environment, and ensures they have basic, essential knowledge to treat and care for passengers.

First aid is the provision of initial care for an illness or injury. It is usually performed by non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed. Certain self-limiting illnesses or minor injuries may not require further medical care past the first aid intervention. It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained to perform with minimal equipment. General:

When a nonmedical service member comes upon an unconscious or injured service member, he must accurately evaluate the casualty to determine the first aid measures needed to prevent further injury or death. He should seek medical assistance as soon as possible, but he should not interrupt the performance of first aid measures. To interrupt the first aid measures may cause more harm than good to the casualty. Remember that in a chemical environment, the service member should not evaluate the casualty until the casualty has been masked. After performing first aid, the service member must proceed with the evaluation and continue to monitor the casualty for development of conditions which may require the performance of necessary basic lifesaving measures, such as clearing the airway, rescue breathing, preventing shock, and controlling bleeding. He should continue to monitor the casualty until relieved by medical personnel. Service members may have to depend upon their first aid knowledge and skills to save themselves (self-aid) or other service members (buddy aid/ combat lifesaver). They may be able to save a life, prevent permanent disability, or reduce long periods of hospitalization by knowing WHAT to do, WHAT NOT to do, and WHEN to seek medical assistance.

Medical emergencies in aviation:
• Choking• Shock
• Cardiac arrest• Diabetes
• Emergency childbirth• Asthma
• Stress reactions• Hyperthermia and frost bite
• Anaphylactic shock• Hypoxia
• Deep Vein Thrombosis• Hyperventilation
• Gastro-intestinal disturbance• Air sickness
• Epilepsy• Heart attacks

Basic first aid and survival training including care of:
• Burns
• Wounds
• Fractures and soft tissue injuries
• Head Injuries
• Broken bones
• Sprains and strains
• Maneuvering causalities and Recovery position
Infectious diseases:
• Avian influenza.
• Hepatitis.
• HIV – AIDS.
• Yellow fever.
• Dengue fever.
• Malaria.
• Typhoid.
• Transmission of infection on aircraft – water and food borne. • Hygiene on board.
Practical cardiopulmonary resuscitation by each crewmember having regard to the aircraft environment and using a specifically designed dummy including Practical Defibrillator training;

• The use of appropriate aircraft equipment including first aid kits. • Blood donation.
• Pilot incapacitation.
• Death on board.
• Handling of clinical waste.
• Aircraft disinfection.
• Alertness management, physiological effects of fatigue, sleep physiology • Circadian rhythm and time zone changes.

Burns:
Burns are physical injuries that are occurred when the human skin comes in contact with heat, radiation, electricity or certain chemicals. Burns are extremely dangerous and excruciatingly painful, even a minor burn can be extremely painful. They can cause a severe damage to the skin and in some cases also to some internal organs of the body. They form permanent or temporary marks on the skin and involve the damage of the layers of skin. Basically burns are caused by any hot object or a chemical. Usually the most common agent causing burns is the fire. Other...
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