First Aid

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  • Topic: Blood, Wound, Breathing
  • Pages : 3 (362 words )
  • Download(s) : 217
  • Published : May 11, 2013
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DEFINITION OF FIRST AID
First Aid is the initial assistance or help given to a
casualty for any injury or sudden illness before the arrival of an ambulance, doctor, or other qualified

personnel.

AIMS OF FIRST AID
 Preserve life
 Prevent the casualty’s

condition from becoming worse  Promote recovery

RESPONSIBILITIES AS A FIRST AIDER
 Assess the situation quickly and safely and summon

appropriate help  Protect casualties and others at the scene from possible danger  To identify, as far as possible, the nature of illness or injury affecting casualty.  To give each casualty early and appropriate treatment, treating the most serious condition first.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF A FIRST AIDER
 To arrange for the casualty’s removal to hospital or into

the care of a doctor.  To remain with a casualty until appropriate care is available.  To report your observations to those taking care of the casualty, and to give further assistance if required.

PRIORITY OF CASUALTIES
 Save the conscious casualties before the unconscious

ones as they have a higher chance of recovery.  Save the young before the old.  Do not jeopardize your own life while rendering First Aid. In the event of immediate danger, get out of site immediately.  Remember: One of your aims is to preserve life, and not endanger your own in the process of rendering First Aid.

 Casualties should always be treated in the order of

priority, usually given by the “3 Bs”:
 Breathing  Bleeding

 Bones

Approach and Action
 Assess the situation
 Telephone for help  Assess any further danger  Can you cope  Do you need assistance  Begin Treatment

General rules of First Aid
 Stay calm
 Be prepared  Use Universal Precautions

Universal Precautions
 Blood and body fluids of all persons are considered

infectious
 Body fluids are: saliva, nasal and wound drainage,

vomit, urine and feces

Universal Precautions
 Hand washing
 Gloves ...
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