Throughout life, you will be faced with injuries of every kind, whether it is a simple paper cut or a severe chemical burn, every accident must be dealt in the right way. First Aid procedure should be initiated through these kinds of situations to prevent complications, pain or discomfort. The ability of individuals who first render care to remain calm and respond appropriately can make a significant difference in the outcome for the victim.
ㅡ To have a brief introduction to First Aid, what it is and its importance. ㅡ To present some First Aid Techniques regarding wounds and bleeding. ㅡ To know what First Aid Kits are.
ㅡ To provide a First Aid Kit at home.
ㅡ To be able to use these information in preparation for emergency situations.
First Aid is the provision of initial care or treatment given to someone who is injured or suddenly ill. It is usually performed by non-expert, but trained personnel, who have enough knowledge of giving medical treatment. It generally consists of a series of simple and in some cases, potentially life-saving techniques that an individual can be trained with minimal equipment. First Aid is an important skill. It applies to a broad range of medical situations and consists both specific knowledge and skills (for example, what to do for each type of illness) and the ability to assess a situation and make appropriate decisions (such as when to call for emergency medical assistance). By performing simple procedures and following certain guidelines, it may be possible to save lives by giving basic treatment until professional help arrives. First Aid is not an exact science and is open for human error. Some conditions are inevitably fatal and no matter how hard you try, a person may not respond as you hope. However, if you do your best and have enough knowledge about it, it may be possible to save lives of other people.
In any emergency, you must follow a clear plan of action. This will enable you to prioritize the demands that may be made on you and help you decide on your response. The principal steps are: Assess the situation, Make the Area Safe, Give Emergency Aid, and Get help from the others. Before taking any action, try to control your feelings and take a moment to think. It is important to avoid placing yourself in danger, so do not rush into a potentially risky situation. Be aware of hazards such as petrol or gas. In addition, do not attempt to do too much by yourself.
A. Wounds and Bleeding
Breaks in the skin or the body surfaces are known as wounds. Open wounds allow bloods and other fluids to be lost from the body and enable germs to enter. Wounds can be daunting, particularly if there is a lot of bleeding, but prompt action will reduce the amount of blood loss and minimize shock. When you are treating wound, it is important to follow good hygiene procedures to guard both yourself and the casualty against cross-infection. Some situations regarding wounds and bleeding are: Cuts and Grazes, Foreign Object in a Cut, Bruising and Nosebleed. Here are the First Aid Techniques applied during the following situations: Cuts and Grazes
Bleeding from small cuts and grazes is easily controlled by pressure and elevation. An adhesive dressing is usually all that is necessary, but in some circumstances like if the bleeding does not stop, if there is a foreign object in the cut, if the wound is in the risk of infection or if an old wound shows signs of becoming infected, Medical Aid is needed to be sought. 1.) Wash your hands thoroughly and put on disposable gloves if available. 2.) If the wound is dirty, clean it by rinsing lightly under running water, or use an alcohol-free wipe. Pat the wound dry using gauze swab and cover with sterile gauze. 3.) Elevate the injured part above the level of the heart, if possible. Avoid touching the wound...