Fire Behevior

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Republic of the Philippines
Congress of the Philippines
Metro Manila
Fourteenth Congress
Second Regular Session
Begun and held in Metro Manila, on Monday, the twenty-eight day of July, two thousand eight. Republic Act No. 9514
(Approved by PGMA on December 19, 2008)
AN ACT ESTABLISHING A COMPREHENSIVE FIRE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES, REPEALING PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO. 1185 AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled:: Section 1. This Act shall be known as the "Revised Fire Code of the Philippines of 2008". Section 2. It is the policy of the State to ensure public safety and promote economic development through the prevention and suppression of all kinds of destructive fires and promote the professionalization of the fire service as a profession. Towards this end, the State shall enforce all laws, rules and regulations to ensure adherence to standard fire prevention and safety measures, and promote accountability for fire safety in the fire protection service and prevention service. Section 3. Definition of Terms. - As used in this Fire Code, the following words and phrases shall mean and be construed as indicated:

Abatement - Any act that would remove or neutralize a fire hazard. Administrator - Any person who acts as agent of the owner and manages the use of a building for him.
Blasting Agent - Any material or mixture consisting of a fuel and oxidizer used to set off explosives.
Cellulose Nitrate or
Nitro Cellulose - A highly combustible and explosive compound produced by the reaction of nitric acid with a cellulose material.
Cellulose Nitrate Plastic
(Pyroxylin) - Any plastic substance, materials or compound having cellulose nitrate (nitro cellulose) as base.
Combustible, Flammable
or Inflammable - Descriptive of materials that are easily set on fire. Combustible Fiber - Any readily ignitable and free burning fiber such as cotton, oakum, rags, waste cloth, waste paper, kapok, hay, straw,

Spanish moss, excelsior and other similar materials commonly used in commerce.
Combustible Liquid - Any liquid having a flash point at or above 37.8_C (100_F). Corrosive Liquid - Any liquid which causes fire when in contact with organic matter or with certain chemicals.

Curtain Board - A vertical panel of non-combustible or fire resistive materials attached to and extending below the bottom chord of the roof trusses, to divide the underside of the roof into separate

compartments so that heat and smoke will be directed upwards to a roof vent.
Cryogenic - Descriptive of any material which by its nature or as a result of its reaction with other elements produces a rapid drop in temperature of the immediate surroundings. Damper - A normally open device installed inside an air duct system which automatically closes to restrict the passage of smoke or fire. Distillation - The process of first raising the temperature in separate the more volatile from the less volatile parts and then cooling and

condensing the resulting vapor so as to produce a nearly purified substance.
Duct System - A continuous passageway for the transmission of air. Dust - A finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the proper proportion and ignited will cause an explosion.

Electrical Arc - An extremely hot luminous bridge formed by passage of an electric current across a space between two conductors or
terminals due to the incandescence of the conducting vapor. Ember - A hot piece or lump that remains after a material has partially burned, and is still oxidizing without the manifestation of flames. Finishes - Materials used as final coating of a surface for ornamental or protective purposes.

Fire - The active principle of burning, characterized by the heat and light of combustion.
Fire Trap - A building unsafe in case of fire because it will burn easily or...
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