As stated earlier, Comprehension (Text) is the application of Grammatical Concept. So, to be well done with the question(s) of First Paper, we need to have a comprehensive knowledge over English grammar. It is more severe, especially for the Question No. -03 of course.
Question No. – 03: Correct form of words.
One needs to be done efficiently with the 3 things in order to get well with Question No. -03.
1. Syntax of English Sentence
3. ABC of Preposition
Linking Verbs: appear, become, be, feel, seem, look, smell, stay, sound, taste, remain, grow, keep, get, prove, etc.]
Preposition0/1 Noun Phrase
Sentence Modifier, placed at the beginning or at the end of any sentence, is an Adverb.
Yesterday, a very little girl entered into the class. [Here, Yesterday, a sentence modifier, is an adverb]
Placement of Preposition:
1. there will be a preposition between two noun. i.e. noun + prep. + noun 2. So, by default before a Pre. + Noun, there will be a Noun
Determiner is used almost before every noun, except before proper noun. The development of railway has had a profound influence on the economic growth. The Rahim is a very good student. [The won’t be used as Rahim is a proper noun]
Determiners 5 wU h_v:
Articles (a, an, the) h_v: The book is mine. I have a pen.
Possessive case (my, his, her, your, our, their, its.), h_v: His pen is lost
h_v:Those boys are naughty.I have lost that pen.
Numerals (one, two, three, first, second), h_v: Three men came to the meeting.
Quantifiers (any, many, some, much, more, no, each, several, every, a lot of, lots of, less, few, a few, little, a little, plenty of, a good deal of.) h_v: I have to wash some pictures. A lot of money is needed to lead a happy life.
Functional Units of the sentence [Normal Sentence Structure]
Any part of the sentence which is considered as an additional part of the main sentence is called the adjunct/apposition of that sentence. An adjunct/apposition can be a phrase/sentence. But the thing is that, it won’t affect the structure of the sentence that means without the adjunct Still the sentence remains grammatically correct. That means, without the adjunct/apposition the sentence won’t lose its meaning.
Identification of Adjunct
Basically it is placed in between two commas. [if not at the beginning] It is placed before a comma. [if at the beginning]
No comma might be used if followed by a subordinator. [in case of a clause/Infinitive]
Rahim, a very good student, did the work. [two commas, phrase]
Rahim, who is a very good student, did the work. [two commas, clause] Adjunct
A very good student, Rahim did the work. [one comma as at the beginning]
Rahim who is a very good student did the work. [No comma, Clause] Adjunct
Rahim made uncomfortable in the class remains at home. [No comma, Infinitive]
Form of Word Units [Parts of Speech]
Interchange of Word Unit [to follow the Syntax]
Subject Verb Agreement
A. Simple Sentence
1 Finite Verb (Verb/Main Verb) with NO subordinator or conjunction. B. Complex Sentence
2 Finite Verbs (Verb/Main Verb) with 1 subordinator but NO conjunction. C. Compound Sentence
2 Finite Verbs (Verb/Main Verb) with 1 conjunction but NO subordinator. D. Complex-Compound
Conjunction is used to connect or join two sentences/clauses...
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