Financing of Higher Education in Kenya

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JOSEPH KAMAU MUNGAI


Table of Contents
1.Introduction……………………………………………2-3 2.Theoretical models on higher education funding…....4-5
3.Sources of funding higher education…………………6 4.The government policy………………………………..7-8 5.Alternative funding programs……………………….9-10 6.Conclusion …………………………………………….11 7.References……………………………………………..12  

1.Introduction
The recent shocking revelation of many employees in the public service of Kenya with no post secondary academic qualifications is perhaps an awakening call for the government to evaluate its labour policies. More than the corruption connotation of these findings is a call for the government to make an intentional move to enhancing the labour productivity by expanding financing for higher education. Often the need for financing higher education is brought to our attention when we get news about a successful KCSE candidate raising calls for well wishers to sponsor them for their higher education. Sometimes the media will facilitate an outcry for sponsorship for a needy student but scarcely are noticed the many other cases. There is a concern that the future is bleak for the youthful talents as many broken dreams and careers are hampered due to lack of funding for higher education. This is a milestone to enhancing and expanding economic in Kenya.

Researchers and policy makers have delved into the questions of the ideology of the government spending on higher education. The number of student sponsored by the Government through the Joint Admissions Board is limited. As reported for year 2011, the universities would admit 32, 611 students who sat the Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) in 2009 and 2010, out of 96,000 who qualified. This was upon a decision by the universities’ Joint Admissions Board (JAB) to have a double intake of new undergraduate students. As Professor Mugenda noted, "If we have to avoid the tsunami of 2015, universities must be able to expand their infrastructure to accommodate more students between now and thereafter,” There is an urgent need for the Government to expand funding for public universities to avoid a crisis not only for the near future. The springing up of many private institutions offering higher education is yet another indicator of the expanding gap for higher education funding

This paper will explore the increasing gap for higher education financing as it ascertains the current level of funding undergraduate studies and the alternative programs for funding higher education in Kenya. In tandem with this, the study will do an inquiry on the government role in the financing of higher education in Kenya.

To this end, this study seeks to evaluate and suggest appropriate maxims for sustainable higher education funding. If the ideology of the government of the day regarding higher education is not objective and feasible enough, the inadequacy of higher education financing cannot be resolve. The resultant problem of leakage of human capital from the country becomes evident coupled with problems of underproduction and unemployment. Does Kenya appreciate her potential future human capital?  

2.Theoretical models and ideologies on higher education funding
The implementation of educational policies largely depends on the overriding national economic policy. The national economic policy in turn is influenced by political ideologies and the theoretical model in place. The predominant political ideology can wage immense sway on the educational policy of a country. Two major political ideologies are known to influence the economic planning of nation namely, capitalism and socialism.

In a capitalist state, the basis of planning is inclined to merit where forces of market forces of demand and supply rule. This implies that opportunities are available to those who can afford them. This egalitarian approach is however prone to the hazards of enlarging the gap between the haves and have nots in accessing higher education....
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