The recent upheavals in the world financial markets were quelled by the immediate intervention of both international financial institutions such as the IMF and of domestic ones in the developed countries, such as the Federal Reserve in the USA. The danger seems to have passed, though recent tremors in South Korea, Brazil and Taiwan do not augur well. We may face yet another crisis of the same or a larger magnitude momentarily.
What are the lessons that we can derive from the last crisis to avoid the next?
The first lesson, it would seem, is that short term and long term capital flows are two disparate phenomena with very little in common. The former is speculative and technical in nature and has very little to do with fundamental realities. The latter is investment oriented and committed to the increasing of the welfare and wealth of its new domicile. It is, therefore, wrong to talk about "global capital flows". There are investments (including even long term portfolio investments and venture capital) and there is speculative, "hot" money. While "hot money" is very useful as a lubricant on the wheels of liquid capital markets in rich countries it can be destructive in less liquid, immature economies or in economies in transition.
The two phenomena should be accorded a different treatment. While long term capital flows should be completely liberalized, encouraged and welcomed the short term, "hot money" type should be controlled and even discouraged. The introduction of fiscally-oriented capital controls (as Chile has implemented) is one possibility. The less attractive Malaysian model springs to mind. It is less attractive because it penalizes both the short term and the long term financial players. But it is clear that an important and integral part of the new International... [continues]
Cite This Essay
(1999, 10). Financial Crises and Global Capital Flows. StudyMode.com. Retrieved 10, 1999, from http://www.studymode.com/essays/Financial-Crises-Global-Capital-Flows-15357.html
"Financial Crises and Global Capital Flows" StudyMode.com. 10 1999. 10 1999 <http://www.studymode.com/essays/Financial-Crises-Global-Capital-Flows-15357.html>.
"Financial Crises and Global Capital Flows." StudyMode.com. 10, 1999. Accessed 10, 1999. http://www.studymode.com/essays/Financial-Crises-Global-Capital-Flows-15357.html.