( 5 points) In a world with no frictions (taxes, etc.), value is created by how you finance a project. True.
(5) The return of equity is equal to the return on debt of a project/firm Always true.
(10 points) Moogle, Inc. is in the same business as Google, Inc., but has recently retired all its debt to become an all-equity firm. Its return on equity has dropped from 12.25% to 10.60% as a result of this. Google, Inc. continues to have debt in its capital structure, and its debt-to-equity ratio is 30%. What is the return on assets of Google, Inc.(No more than two decimals in the percentage interest rate, but do not enter the % sign.) Answer for Question 3
(10 points) Suppose CAPM holds, and the beta of the equity of your company is 2.00. The expected market risk premium (the difference between the expected market return and the risk-free rate) is 4.5% and the risk-free rate is 3.00%. Suppose the debt-to-equity ratio of your company is 20% and the market believes that the beta of your debt is 0.20. What is return on assets of your business? (No more than two decimals in the percentage interest rate, but do not enter the % sign.) Answer for Question 4
(10 points) You are planning on opening a consulting firm. You have projected yearly cash flows of $2 million starting next year (t = 1) with a growth rate of 3% over the foreseeable future thereafter. This endeavor will require a substantial investment and you will have to convince investors to provide you the capital to do so. You will invest some of your own money, convincing other investors will of course be useful for your valuing your own investment decision. A critical piece of your analysis is figuring out the present value of the cash flows of the business. Your research has revealed the following information: similar consulting businesses equity has an average beta of 2.40 and the average debt-to-equity ratio in this industry is 10%. The risk-free rate is 3.25% and the expected market risk premium (the average difference between between the market return and the risk-free rate) is 4.50%. What is the value of the cash flows of your business? Do not have enough information to value.
(10 points) Your firm has been plodding along without much attention form the stock market; both analysts and investors are not showing much interest in your company. Your boss insists that (a) he can increase the return on equity of the company by simply taking on more debt and (b) that will attract new investors to the firm because of the higher returns. Partly true; partly false.
(10 points) Two firms, ABC, Inc., and XYZ, Inc., are in the same business. XYZ, Inc., has debt that is viewed by the market as risk-less with a market value of $250 million. ABC, Inc., has no debt. Both firms are expected to generate cash flows of $50 million per year for the foreseeable future and the market value of the equity of ABC, Inc is $500 million. Estimate the return on equity of XYZ, Inc. Assume there are no taxes, and the risk-free rate is 4%. (No more than two decimals in the percentage interest rate, but do not enter the % sign.) Answer for Question 7
(10 points) Banana, Inc. has had debt with market value of $0.5 million that has paid a 5% coupon and has had an expiration date that is far, far away. The expected annual earnings before interest and taxes for the firm are $1 million and the firm has not grown, nor does it have plans for any growth. The firm however has just raised more equity to retire all its debt. If the required rate of return to equity-holders (after the capital structure change) is now 10%, what is the market value of the firm? Assume there are no taxes. (Enter just the number without the $ sign or a comma; round to the nearest whole dollar.) Answer for Question 8
(15 points) Suppose...